“Women who migrate in search of work and have a scattered family structure are more susceptible to attack and abuse, and the most vulnerable in the group are women migrating from Uttar Pradesh, Bihar and Rajasthan,” reveals a survey released recently by the Associated Chambers of Commerce & Industry of India titled “Women’s Safety: Reality Check and Recommendation”.

Stating that a large part of the total women migrants workforce is employed in the unorganised sector, the survey indicated that there was an urgent need to create more opportunities for education and employment so that women can find useful economic engagement and educational opportunities for their children closer to their place of residence and also support their family instead of migrating.

Figures released as part of the survey also noted that 46 per cent of women migrate in search of work for either self or husband and only 7 per cent think education of their children as a factor enough to migrate.

“Sixty per cent of women working in the unorganised sector are often subjected to irregularity in payments, also 50 per cent women, irrespective of being employed or unemployed, are unaware of the most important economic fact of minimum wages and are being exploited,” noted the survey.

Indicating that the biggest challenge faced by women in society at present is their ignorance of laws that protect them, the survey found that 70 per cent of women are “not aware of the legal provisions for their protection”. Also, a majority of them are married below 14 years of age are not even aware about the legal age of marriage.

The survey also found that 80 per cent of women who have had their vocational studies (cookery, hosiery, and domestic help) are still not able to write their names or sign. Also, 38 per cent do not have any knowledge about elections as they are not educated and motivated enough for such an important aspect of the economy of which they are an important part.

“However, what is worst in the finding is the fact that because women who are mentally abused tend to blame themselves for being abused, they don’t report the abuser.”

  • Migrant women from U.P., Bihar and Rajasthan most vulnerable, reveals ASSOCHAM survey

  • Most women ignorant of laws that protect them