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Spotlight on Nedunganad

R. Madhavan Nair
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A book spanning history of Nedunganad from the ancient times to 1860 has been prepared by S. Rajendu, a researcher in history and epigraphy.

Titled ‘The history of Nedunganad – from prehistoric times to AD 1860’, the book would be released at Kotikunnu Bhagvathy temple in Pattambi-Pallippuram on Friday. The book is an attempt to throw light on little known history of Nedunganad under its rulers reverently called Nedungethirippad.

Nedungethirippad had his palace at Chempulangad near Pattambi-Pallippuram. Nedungethirippad was so powerful that his family deity, Bhagavathy of Thirukotikunnu temple, was the ‘paradevata’ to all the natives of Nedunganad.

Speaking to The Hindu , Mr. Rajendu claimed his research had brought out some little known facets of history of this land and its rulers.

Ancient Nedunganad consisted of 152 desams from the knoll of Kalladikkode to Vettathunad, the seaside villages of Veliyancode, Ponnani-Purangu and Chavakkad.

The name Nedunganad appears in a few Chera and Chola inscriptions.

At the end of rule of Cheras, Nedungethirippad family, who originally were Thirumulppad, became independent rulers but soon faced a revolt by four Nayar chieftains under him. The richest among them declared separation from Nedungethirippad who in turn turned to Zamorin for help. Zamorin reached Nedunganad, in early 14th century, and built a palace at Karimpuzha. He never went back but began enjoying the rich natural resources of the land.

Soon, the Nedungethirippad of Thirumulppad family was forced to change his seat from Chempulangad to Kottakkottukurri near Pattambi-Koppam and his family established a temple at Kotikunnu.

It was Zamorin who signed for Nedunganad in the treaty with the British in 1806. In 1860, the British merged the Nedungadi taluk with Valluvanad. Following this, the name of Nedunganad almost began fading out of public memory, says Mr. Rajendu. Senior members of Thirumulppad and Kartha families, known as Nedungethirippads, would jointly release the book by handing over a copy to a representative of Zamorin on Friday.

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