Findings kept at heritage museum
New artefacts, believed to be part of megalithic urn burials, have been unearthed near Nadapuram in Kozhikode district by a former anthropology student of Kannur University.
These are now being kept at the Ethnological and Heritage Museum of the Anthropology Department on the university campus at Palayad near Thalassery.
The new finds, excavated by N.K. Ramesh, a former student of the anthropology department, are the latest exhibits in the museum after the transfer of the finds from the megalithic laterite dome found near Kodiyeri and the megalithic urn burial found near Panur in February and March last.
The new additions to the museum are artefacts from the megalithic urn burials found during a digging work at Perumundassery near Nadapuram a few days ago.
Mr. Ramesh, who is interested in archaeological anthropology, said the megalithic urn burials found at Perumundassery included two jars — one large and the other medium-sized.
The rims of the pots were found two metres beneath the laterite gravel; Mr. Ramesh said adding that he removed the soil in a surgical procedure.
“As I removed the laterite soil and gravel, I found a variety of artefacts within the pointed jars, known as ‘nannangadi,' one a medium-sized and the other big and having 80 cm height,” he said.
The large pointed urn contained red ware and black polished pottery, black polished lid and knob, and significantly eagle head-like figures, iron dagger, and chopper. The weapons are found within the large pointed jar, while the smaller one, which did not contain any artefact, was filled with river sand.
Eagle head-like figures found from the site were said to be significant as no such figures were known to have been excavated from megalithic burial sites in the State. Mr. Ramesh said some archaeologists had guessed that these figures could be part of the pottery.
Anthropology department head S. Gregory said that Mr. Ramesh had successfully excavated the archaeological finds from the megalithic burial site and they had been transferred to the museum set up by the department on the campus.
It was Dr. Gregory and Mr. Ramesh who collected the archaeological remains excavated earlier from the megalithic dome site at Kodiyeri near Thalassery.
Dr. Gregory said the archaeological inventory in the museum included a set of mesolithic artefacts explored by Mr. Ramesh in December last from the Panom forest in Kozhikode under the guidance of P. Rajendran, archaeologist in the department of history at the University of Kerala and University Grants Commission research scientist.
Mr. Ramesh's archaeological explorations and excavations earlier included a pointed chopper-cum-scraper at Karai in Karai river basin, one of the tributaries of Kabani river in Wayanad; a proto hand axe from the lower Palaeolithic period from Kattakandam near Puzhamula in Kozhikode; Palaeolithic implement from Cheerkkayam and Anakkayam in Chythravahini river basin in the highland region of Kasaragod; several iron ingots at Manikovilakam and Karuvankandiyil and Kuitheri in Kozhikode; and cist burial and urn burial evidences of the megalithic period at Kuitheri in Kozhikode.