The migrant labour population in the State has touched 4,12,848, with Ernakulam district recording the highest inflow of 55,977.

According to the Economic Review for 2011 released here on Saturday, Alappuzha accounts for the lowest number of migrant labourers, 11,180 as per the 2001 census figures. Though the workers from other States are attracted by the relatively higher wages and better living conditions, they are facing other social problems. The State, hitherto known for outbound migrations, is now facing a new phenomenon called inbound migration. The Migrant Workers Welfare Fund Scheme was approved and has become functional too.


The number of job-seekers in the State as per the live register of employment exchanges as on August 31, 2011, was 43.42 lakh. Women account for 59.1 per cent or 25.68 lakh. The number of candidates who have passed SSLC has been pegged at 27.29 lakh, followed by 2.60 lakh graduates, and 47,474 postgraduates. The number of professional and technical job-seekers was 1.55 lakh. The number of engineering graduates was 8,341 and medical graduates 2,211. During the period, 419 veterinary and agriculture graduates respectively sought placements. As per the statistics on March 31, 2011, Thiruvananthapuram has the highest number of applicants in general and professional categories, 6.26 lakh. There was a decline in the placement rate and till August 31, 2011, it has been pegged at 7,191.

External migration

The Non-Resident Keralites living abroad as in 2011 is 22.8 lakh. The number of Keralites who have returned during the year is estimated to be 11.5 lakh. Those living in other States is estimated at 9.31 lakh. The number of candidates recruited to foreign countries through the Overseas Development and Employment Promotion Consultants Limited has been steadily declining and in 2011 it was just 74, of which 44 were nurses. The total remittances in the State in 2011 were estimated to be around Rs.50,000 crore compared to the Rs.43,288 crore in 2008. Malappuram received the highest amount of remittances of Rs.9,040 crore. The southern districts saw a decline and northern districts registered an increase. Muslim households received Rs.23,089 crore or 46.5 per cent of the total remittances in the past year, Hindu households Rs.18,089 crore or 36.4 per cent, and Christian households Rs.8,508 crore or 17.1 per cent.