Children are highly susceptible to various illnesses during this transition period to summer, said doctors.

Shantaram Baliga, a paediatrician who works on public health issues, said dysentery was the common aliment to strike children during this period. The disease is prone in areas with water shortages. Lack of proper hygiene is the cause for dysentery.

The other aliment that children are exposed to was gastroenteritis. Common flies are the main source of transmission of gastroenteritis or stomach flu.

These flies are seen more during this season, the season of mangoes and watermelons. Flies can also be seen on the wayside sugarcane and other juice centres. Parents should not allow children to eat fruits that are uncovered. If you were to buy sugarcane juice or other juices from a roadside shop, always prefer a hygienic place, Dr. Baliga said.

Less immune

Sumanth Shetty, a Professor in Paediatrics at K.S. Hegde Charitable Hospital, said lack of immunity among children had exposed them to lot of infections. “The immunity is related to the air we breathe and food we consume,” he said. Children have been found susceptible to infections. “This is the reason why cough, cold and fever easily spread from one child to another in a neighbourhood,” he said.

There would be low transmission of viral infections during this period, Dr. Baliga said.

Doctors said there would be a rise in children suffering from cough and cold triggered by allergy to dust during this dry season. Respiratory problems such as asthma get aggravated during this period, Dr. Shetty said. The allergic phenomenon will be noticed due to unseasonal rains.

Care

Doctors emphasised on ensuring proper personal hygiene to prevent infections. “Regular washing of hands prevents large number of infections,” Dr. Baliga said. Parents should also make sure children consume lot of water. Children should be provided with nutritious diet, Dr. Shetty said.


  • Flies are the main source of transmission of stomach flu or gastroenteritis

  • Ensure proper personal hygiene to prevent infections


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