Education Development Index is less than 0.5 in Gulbarga, Raichur, Koppal, Bidar districts
A study conducted by the State Government has found that the dropout rate at the primary school level in Gulbarga division is higher compared to the State average, and the Education Development Index in the region is also low.
The dropout rate of children at the primary school level in Gulbarga district was the highest at 27.86 per cent, followed by 25.44 per cent in Raichur, 25.20 per cent in Bidar district and 18.34 per cent in Koppal district. The State average of children dropping out of schools is 13.99 per cent. The study also said that the high dropout rate at the primary school level was an indication of rampant prevalence of child labour in the region.
The education index computed by the State Government based on the indicators of accessibility, infrastructure and quality of education painted a sorry picture of the situation in Gulbarga division. An Education Development Index of less than 0.5 indicates poor availability or access to facilities, which was 0.41 in Raichur district, 0.45 in Gulbarga, 0.46 in Koppal and 0.55 in Bidar.
Study also indicated a drastic decline in the number of students in higher levels of education due to several reasons, including poverty. There were several instances of students dropping out from pre-university courses. While there were 64,614 students in the first year pre-university courses, the number declined to 56,446 in the second year in Gulbarga division. In the 29 polytechnic institutions, there were only 7,431 students in the entire division.
The study pointed out that unaided school performed better in the SSLC examinations when compared to the government or aided schools in the region. While the average pass percentage of students belonging to the government school was 60.81 per cent and 67.29 per cent in aided schools, it was 76.10 per cent in the unaided schools in the 2010 SSLC examinations.
The study said most of the government colleges and schools did not have the essential infrastructure like drinking water facility. As far as availability of urinals in the schools was concerned, schools in the Hyderabad Karnataka region were the poorest with only 43.38 per cent of the secondary schools providing urinals. Only 27.01 per cent of these schools had separate toilets for girls in secondary schools and this was one of the major reasons for the sharp decline in number of girl students going to higher secondary-level.