It will be a master strategy from which local plans can be drawn: Shyam Saran
Bangalore: The National Action Plan on Climate Change, currently being formulated by the Centre to look into various aspects of climate change, will be released by the end of June, said Shyam Saran, Special Envoy of the Prime Minister, on Wednesday.
Mr. Saran was speaking at the “Clean Air Summit – a roadmap towards clean India” organised jointly by Bosch Ltd. and GTZ India, here on Wednesday.
He said: “The plan will be released by the Prime Minister by the end of the month, and it will be a master strategy from which State and local level strategies will have to be derived.”
He said: “This plan will look at the science behind the phenomenon of climate change, the risks it poses to our country and to the achievement of its economic and social development objectives.
“It will spell out measures to help adapt to consequences of climate change that has taken place and is expected to take place in future.”
He said that there would be a strategy to enable India to pursue sustainable development, which meant a graduated shift away from fossil fuels to non-fossil fuels, non-renewable to renewable sources of energy and conventional to non-conventional sources of energy. This, he said, would enable the country to stabilise its greenhouse gas emissions at a lower and more sustainable level and eventually reducing them significantly. Mr. Saran said the action plan would contain mechanisms for implementation of various policy measures, and that the Government envisaged a key role for the private sector that included public-private partnerships to achieve the objectives. Stating that climate change and energy security are “inextricably linked together”, he said: “More than 50 per cent of country’s energy requirements come from coal. We must adopt more efficient coal-based power generation.”
Mr. Saran said: “There will be a focus on improving fuel efficiency and emission standards for vehicular traffic and for the promotion of mass public transportation in general,” vehicular transportation in India is growing at double digit rates, and in urban concentrations where vehicle density was high and growing, the impact on air quality was apparent, he said.
Mr. Saran said that whatever technological upgrading could be adopted to reduce vehicular pollution and increased fuel efficiency would have benefits much beyond the immediate activity.
“We must seek to address this issue through adoption and enforcement of higher standards for vehicular traffic and through a large-scale programme for developing mass transit and urban transportation systems,” he added.