A post-poll survey conducted by the Centre for Media Studies (CMS) on the money spent by candidates to woo voters in Kadapa Lok Sabha by-election has estimated that the average payment was well up to Rs. 500 for each vote, the highest so far anywhere in the country in Parliament polls.

Three of the candidates in the fray reached out to nearly 5 lakh voters with money bags. Half of them accepted the money from more than one candidate, a CMS press release said here on Saturday.

A significant feature of the study two days after the counting of votes brought out that the three candidates between themselves paid Rs. 200 crore to voters and opinion makers.

In some places, one candidate paid twice at different points of time between Rs. 200 and Rs. 300 on each occasion.

The study also showed that one candidate spent more on opinion leaders at grassroots level, another paid to a much larger number of voters across all Assembly segments. Half of the money was spent in Kadapa, Pulivendula and Kamalapur Assembly segments.

The CMS said its methodology of survey was based on personal interview with voters.

They included specific persons or members of their families who actually took the money.

About 300 voters, including women, across four Assembly segments were covered in both rural and urban areas. Eight researchers spent four days on field.