Census 2011 portrays advantages and disadvantages
The backward Adilabad district, having the lowest population density of 170 persons per sq km in Andhra Pradesh as per the Census 2011, portrays both the advantages and disadvantages caused by this factor. According to some population experts, low population density is directly responsible for the backwardness of a given place.
This thinly populated district is spread over an area of over 16,000 sq kms, encompassing vast wildernesses. The density of population according to the 1971 Census was about 80 persons sq km and the population was 12.88 lakh.
The 1981 Census put the population at over 16 lakh resulting in the population density crossing the mark of 100 persons per sq km. In 1991, the density was about 131 which increased to 154 in the 2001 Census.
The industrial urban areas of the plains in the district have always presented a greatly contrasting picture when compared with the environmental haven of the agency tracts. A relationship between the respective concentrations of population and the economic activity in these two places is quite evident.
For example, the density of population is considerably higher in the coal towns of Mancherial, Mandamarri and Bellampalli when compared to interior mandals like Narnoor, Jainur, Sirpur (U), Kerameri, Utnoor, Indervelli, Wankidi, Asifabad, Tiryani, to name a few. The population in the towns is economically better off thanks to the coal mines and ceramic industry while tribal people in the agency continue to be mired in poverty as agriculture is a difficult proposition in the hilly region.
If the far flung habitations in the rural areas are less crowded, they are difficulty to access too.
Despite the development of road communication in the interior and remote areas in the district, reaching the remote villages can still be difficult.
The distances in the agency mandals make supply of medicines to villages a cumbersome task for the government. A high incidence of epidemic deaths are reported from such mandals only.