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Indiscriminate cross-breeding opposed

G.S. Subrahmanyam
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It will be a mistake to formulate breeding policy taking into account only milk yield: expert

Vice-Chancellor of S.V. Veterinary University V. Prabhakar Rao speaking at the regional workshop on Bovine Breeding Policy at Sri Prakash Vidya Soudham in Payakaraopeta in Visakhapatnam district on Wednesday.—Photo: C.V. Subrahmanyam
Vice-Chancellor of S.V. Veterinary University V. Prabhakar Rao speaking at the regional workshop on Bovine Breeding Policy at Sri Prakash Vidya Soudham in Payakaraopeta in Visakhapatnam district on Wednesday.—Photo: C.V. Subrahmanyam

The ambitious move by the veterinary scientists to create a bovine breed by crossing the exotic breeds like Jersey and Holstein Friesian with the local Ongole breed has actually resulted in near extinction of the local breed, Vice-Chancellor of SV Veterinary University V. Prabhakar Rao said.

Further, the indiscriminate cross-breeding by farmers and veterinarians has added to the woes, he said while addressing a regional workshop on ‘Re-visiting Bovine Breeding Policy for Andhra Pradesh’ organised by the Visakhapatnam District Livestock Development Association at Sri Prakash Vidya Sadan here on Wednesday. Officials and farmers from eight coastal districts participated in the workshop.

Long-term perspective

He urged all the stakeholders, including scientists, officers, and farmers, to take a long term perspective of the breeding process. He said the scientists abroad had identified a protein in the milk of tropical cattle useful in containing cardio-vascular diseases and that protein is absent in the milk produced in the temperate zone.

Earlier, Director of Animal Husbandry and CEO of AP Livestock Development Authority D. Venkateswarlu noted that in most cases the hybrid cattle could not adapt to the local environment resulting in poor yield when compared to the native breeds and on other counts too they were found wanting. "The time has come for us to take a relook at the policy in view of the changed scenario and also the needs of the dairy farmers in different regions of the State in the present circumstances," he said.

Mr. Venkateswarlu said it would be a mistake to formulate a breeding policy taking into account only the milk yields and several other parameters would have to be considered for long-term, sustainable results. "Conservation of native breeds such as Ongole and Punganuru is of the utmost importance in the interests of bio-diversity and genetic factors will have to be given due weight. Cross-breeding was taken up with great enthusiasm in the past to phase out the low milk-yielding, non-descript native breeds and it has led to increase in yields, but with some unintended consequences. Therefore, we have to review it now," he said.

D.S Kanaka Sundara Rao, former director of the Animal Husbandry (AP) and N.S.R Sastry, veterinary scientist, spoke on similar lines. Ch.V.K Narasimha Rao, representative of dairy farmers, spoke about requirements of farmers and the policy changes needed.


  • Workshop held on ‘Re-visiting Bovine Breeding Policy for Andhra Pradesh’

  • Hybrid cattle cannot adapt to the local environment resulting in poor yield


  • It will be a mistake to formulate breeding policy taking into account only milk yield,

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