It is a selfless act and gives someone a chance to live, he says

Daily 55 patients in India receive organ transplants. But 55,000 registered patients remain on waiting list for organ transplants. And 10 people die every day due to lack of organs from donors. These were some of the startling facts presented by Bhanu Chandra of Mohan Foundation at the AU Research Forum on Tuesday. Highlighting the critical aspects of organ donation, Dr Chandra said that there were two processes for organ donation. “A living donor can donate only two organs – one of the two kidneys or a part of the liver. The other donor is the cadaver donor or the deceased donor,” he said.

Organs can be retrieved from a cadaver donor, who has died a natural or cardiac death or who is brain dead, he added. “But organ donation is purely voluntary act. Indian government prohibits the selling of organs. What one needs to understand is that organ donation is a selfless act. It gives someone a chance to live,” he said.

There are various ways for organ transplantation. Organ transplantation is permissible from a close relative like parents, siblings, spouse, children, grandparents or grandchildren. The other method is organ transplantation from an unrelated donor. “But in the second process, permission needs to be sought from the Director of Medical Education,” said Dr Chandra. The third process of transplantation is through cadaver donors.

Tissue donation

However, only tissue donation (eg: eyes) is allowed in the case of deceased donors who have died a natural or cardiac death. “In the case of a brain dead person, before the organs are removed a thorough investigation is done to ascertain that the donor is in an irreversible state of consciousness. Only after that, organs are taken out,” he said.

Speaking about several myths surrounding organ donation, Dr Chandra said people feel organ donation mutilates the body. “This is not true. Organs are retrieved by well trained surgeons,” he added.

Elaborating on the activities of Mohan Foundation, he said it was a not-for-profit, non-governmental organisation started to promote organ donation. The organisation was started by a group of like-minded professionals committed to increase the reach of the Transplantation of Human Organs Act. The Union Government the Act in 1994 to broaden the concept of organ donation and stop commercial dealings in organs, especially kidneys.

Andhra University Vice-Chancellor G.S.N. Raju and chief convenor of AU Research Forum K.R. Rajani were present.