Enacting legislations without ensuring their implementation will not be of use in bringing down atrocities against girl children and women, said representatives of several NGOs here on Thursday.

Though Nirbhaya Act is the latest one to deter any kind of sexual harassment and violence against women, one should not forget that laws against domestic violence and dowry did not change the ground realities for a majority of women as the accused were rarely brought to book , said Mamatha Raghuveer, Director, Tharuni, an NGO.

Several NGO representatives shared their views at a seminar on ‘Strategies for Protecting Girl Children’ organised by ‘Tharuni’ and ‘Andhra Pradesh Balala Hakkula Sangham’ to arrive at a strategy to ensure safety of girls and women and ensure their all-round development.

Government schemes should be aimed at bringing in fundamental changes in the thought process, attitude that perpetuated stereotyped notions against women undermining her self-respect. “What action did the government take against dismal female sex ratio in Chityal mandal in Warangal.

Did it conduct any study to know why girls were only 550 for 1,000 population,” asked K. Satyavathi of Bhumika, an NGO.

Teaching life skills, importance of human relations, good behaviour and self-respect should become part of school curriculum.

Even at home, parents must teach and practise gender equality.

Providing training to girls in self-defence techniques as also making them emotionally strong would help them face any adverse situation or incident boldly.

Every case of crime against women should be reported and the accused not the victim should be brought into public glare, said Ms. Hemalatha, retired professor of Osmania University.

Setting up counselling centres in schools, colleges, universities and work places would help adolescent girls and women share their concerns, said Ranga Reddy Child Welfare Committee member Vijaya Devi.

Ramalakshmi, Commissioner, Sericulture, said effective communication between parents and children was crucial to keep a tab on their evolving personality and guide them towards the right path.

Psychologist Radhika said first parents should be empowered to come out of social conditioning to understand any behavioural changes in their children and address them.