Making a distinction on how the separate Telangana agitations started in 1969 and 2001, the Srikrishna Committee mentioned that the earlier stir was primarily started by social groups, students and government employees and made active largely through the support of dissident Congressmen.

On the other hand, the Telangana separation effort of 2001 had multi-party involvement, largely on the political plane, vying for the same cause.

The cause was also interwoven with the political alignments between the national and the two regional parties (TDP and TRS) on the one hand, and among national parties on the other, mainly for electoral gains.

In a chapter ‘Developments in Andhra Pradesh -- a historical background', the committee's report said the identification of Andhra Pradesh as a political mix of two entities caused and resulted in more discomfiture than advantages as events continued to evolve.

Major sore point

Referring to the non-appointment of a Deputy Chief Minister from Telangana as per the Gentleman's Agreement by the first Chief Minister of united AP Neelam Sanjiva Reddy, it said, “This issue was to become a major sore point for Telanganites for all times to come. With the passage of time, in later years, other issues such as the sharing of waters and irrigation resources, land management, etc., also became quite contentious.”

Positive outcomes

While touching upon various aspects including the two major agitations that rocked the State in 1969 and 1972, it said the positive outcomes of 1969 Jai Telangana agitation were: i) the government strengthened the Telangana Regional Committee, ii) the action on rational accounting of Telangana revenue surpluses, iii) opening of more educational institutions in Telangana area and iv) special subsidies to industries in six Telangana districts and two Rayalaseema districts.

On the political side, P.V. Narasimha Rao became the Chief Minister of AP in September 1971 as the first Telanganite to assume the coveted office.

It said the Six-point formula paved the way for a reasonably enduring political stability and sustained economic growth for about three decades in the State, despite occasional voicing of Telangana sentiment and a few minor agitations here and there.

  • Stir in 1969 was primarily started by social groups, students and govt. employees
  • Separation effort of 2001 had multi-party involvement, largely on political plane