A one-day refresher course was conducted for Village Revenue Officers, which was first of its kind in the State, here on Thursday.

Addressing the workshop, Collector Ramsankar Naik said the revenue presence was weak in rural areas due to malfunctioning of the VRO system.

He said a VRO was to handle 49 responsibilities including 25 revenue duties, seven police functions, and 16 social development duties. He said the VROs had great responsibility during flood and other natural calamities .