Special Correspondent

India has the second largest population in the world, standing at 1.1 billion

  • To achieve a fertility rate of 2.1 during the decade beginning 2010
  • Maternal Mortality Ratio declines from 437 in 1992-93 to 301 in 2001-03

    NEW DELHI: The country's population is likely to stabilise only by 2045, according to the Economic Survey. India has the second largest population in the world. It stands at 1.1 billion.

    The survey says the annual growth will dip from 1.6 per cent in 2001-06 to 0.9 per cent in 2021-26, when the population will rise to 1.4 billion.

    "It is after 35 years one generation replaces another. With a high proportion of the population in the reproductive age group, the total population will continue to grow for another 25-35 years before stabilising around 2045," it said.

    Fertility rate

    The country will achieve a fertility rate of 2.1 during the decade beginning 2010. The proportion of population in the working age group will grow to 68.4 per cent by 2026 and the country will benefit from the "demographic dividend" until 2045.

    "The well-known demographic dividend will manifest in the proportion of population in the working age group increasing steadily from 62.9 per cent in 2006 to 68.4 per cent at 957 millions in 2026," the survey said.

    However, ensuring proper healthcare and education were essential to tap this "demographic dividend," and the Government would have to address issues such as child survival and safe motherhood for stabilising the population.

    The Crude Death Rate (per 1,000 population) of 9.8 in 1991 has dipped to the current level of 7.6 and the Maternal Mortality Ratio (per 100,000 live births) too has declined from 437 in 1992-93 to 301 in 2001-03.

    The Infant Mortality Rate improved from 80 in 1991 to 58 in 2005. Life expectancy rose to 63.87 years for men and 66.91 years for women in 2001-06, up from 59.7 and 60.9 respectively in 1991-95.