The panel was set up to suggest ways to enhance contribution of IITs to the nation

The Kakodkar Committee, set up by the Ministry of Human Resources Development (MHRD) for suggesting ways to enhance the contribution of the IITs to the nation, has recommended that the number of engineering Ph.D. scholars being produced per year should be increased to 10,000 over the course of the next decade.

The IITs are presently producing around 1,000 Ph.D. scholars per year, in engineering and technology. “This figure is not adequate for a country of our size. The USA and China are producing around 8,000 to 9,000 Ph.D. scholars each, in engineering and technology, each year. Without sufficient numbers of persons trained in research, we will not have a firm foothold in the higher technologies that are key to our future development,” observed Union Minister for HRD M.M. Pallam Raju, who was here recently to participate in the foundation day programme of the IITH.

The committee observed that as Ph.D. scholars would have first completed a master’s degree, it is imperative that the intake in the M.Tech., M.Sc. and M.Phil. programmes in the IITs also be increased proportionally.

The Committee has suggested that over the next decade, India should add another five IITs. India should also scale the IIT system to 16,000 faculty members and 1,60,000 total student strength, with 40,000 at the Ph.D. level, 40,000 at the Masters level and 80,000 UG students. Mr. Raju said that the new IITs could be capable of dealing with higher intake of students as they were designed in such a way. At the same time, he has cautioned about quality of education and training that needs to be imparted to students.


  • It points out that IITs are presently producing only around 1,000 Ph.D. scholars per year

  • The USA and China are producing around 8,000 to 9,000 Ph.D. scholars each, it says


  • The panel was set up to suggest ways to enhance contribution of IITs to the nation