President Pranab Mukherjee on Thursday said India is “eminently suited” for the permanent membership of the United Nations Security Council and has affirmed its willingness and capacity to shoulder the responsibilities that come with position.
Addressing the delegates at the 13th Conference of Chief Justices of the World, organised by Lucknow-based City Montessori School at Rashtrapati Bhavan here, Mr. Mukherjee pitched for a permanent membership for India on the grounds that it fulfilled objective criteria, which included population, territorial size, gross domestic product, economic potential, civilisational legacy.
“Over the decades, India has urged the U.N. to play a more active role and be more effective in pursuing a more equitable international order and an economic environment that is conducive to rapid economic growth and development in developing countries. In the context of the new globalised system, India has also actively urged the U.N. to work to ensure that developing countries harness the benefits of these processes in an equitable manner,” he said.
Mr. Mukherjee said India has always advocated the process of reform and restructuring of the U.N. to equip it to more effectively respond to the evolving needs of its membership. “Objective realities underscore the need for thorough-going and genuine U.N. reform. It is an organisation that is over six decades old; its membership has expanded by nearly four times since the Charter was signed; and the world of today is very different from the world of 1945. The challenges of the 21st century — political, economic, social, environmental or demographic — are global in nature, and the world is far more inter-connected and interdependent than at any time in human history.”
Mr. Mukherjee said India believed that no reform by the U.N. will be complete without the reform and expansion of its Security Council, in both the permanent and non-permanent categories. “The inclusion of developing countries from Asia, Africa and Latin America, who are capable of global responsibility, will contribute to optimal decision making necessary to address the insecurity of developing countries.”
The President urged the States to reaffirm their adherence to the rule of law, with a commitment to abide in good faith to an international order based on respect for international law, including obligations under the U.N. Charter, principles of justice and peaceful co-existence. Jurists, he said, have an important role to play in persuading States to abide by the rule of law and building support amongst the public for the same.