The archaeological excavation at the megalithic site on the campus of S R & B G N R Government Degree college reaches its final stages

Even as the ongoing archaeological excavation at the megalithic site on the campus of S R & B G N R Government Degree college here reached its final stage, a range of historical objects including different types of pottery, skeletal remains and a few iron objects have been discovered at the site so far.

The historical remains of the megalithic age were exhibited for the general public near the excavation site here on Sunday.


The exhibition was organised to enable the general public view the remains of the earliest residents of Khammam region and to understand the burial practices as well as material culture of this region.

A large number of visitors mainly students thronged the exhibition and had a glimpse of the archaeological findings. The college principal S Madhava Rao and history lecturer John Milton and others were present.

K P Rao of University of Hyderabad, who is the leader of the team presently engaged in excavation of the megalithic site, explained the visitors about the significance of the historical objects discovered during the ongoing excavation till now.

He told them that the excavation of three burials at the site has so far revealed two types of burial practices. The two burials belong to oblong cist type and another one is that of Swastika patterned cist.

All the burials contained secondary skeletal remains. One burial contained six skulls indicating interment of the remains of a minimum of six persons, he said.

Four types of pottery have been discovered in the burials. Red slipped ware was predominantly noticed in the collection.

Other wares like black and red ware, plain red ware and black burnished ware were also found.

Storage jars

This apart, a variety of storage jars, water pots and table ware were also discovered in the excavation, he said adding that the excavation yielded five iron objects from the three burials.

Prof Rao observed that one of the burial chambers is exactly oriented to the north with a precision that tallies well with the reading of prismatic compass.

This stands as an eloquent proof to the astronomical knowledge of the people of megalithic age, he remarked.

It also suggests that the megalithic community sometimes depended on the polestar in fixing the orientations, he contended elaborating that it also testified the beliefs of the megalithic community like post death life and existence of spirits.


Impetus for heritage conservation missionMarch 31, 2014