State bucks national trend of declining sex ratio

Assam’s Kamrup (Metropolitan) district with the lowest child sex ratio (CSR) in the State has a CSR higher than the all-India average. The Final Census Data of 2011 released by Director Census Operations, Assam R.K. Das here on Thursday revealed that against an all-India CSR of 919, Kamrup’s score was 946.

Udalguri district recorded the highest CSR of 973 in the State. In census parlance, CSR is defined as the number of females per 1000 males in the age group 0-6.

The census data revealed that while the national CSR declined from 927 in 2001 to 919 in 2011, Assam recorded an increase from 935 to 962. While the CSR in rural India declined from 934 to 923, rural Assam recorded an increase from 944 to 964. Urban child sex ratio in the country declined from 906 in 2001 to 905 in 2011 while in Assam it increased from 872 to 944.

Mr. Das said that the increase in CSR reflected the positive attitude of society towards the girl child in Assam.

Joint Director of Census Operations, Assam Bharati Chanda while giving a presentation said that of the total 3,12,05,576 population in Assam 14 .9 per cent belong to the 0-6 age group. Dhubri district recorded the highest child population of 18.9 per cent while Kamrup (Metropolitan) district recorded the lowest child population of 10 per cent.

Gender gap in literacy rate closing

She said the gender gap in literacy rate in Assam was also steadily declining in every census.

The data reveals that Assam with a CSR of 962 is ranked third, with Chhattisgarh coming first (969) and Kerala second (964).

According to the census data, 2.68 crore persons (86 per cent) live in rural areas of Assam and 43.9 lakh (14 per cent ) in urban areas of the State. The country’s population grew by 17.7 per cent during 2001-11, against 21.5 per cent in the previous decade. In Assam it grew by 17.07 per cent during 2001-11, against 18.92 per cent in the previous decade.

Population growth

Dhubri district of the State recorded the highest population growth rate of 24.44 per cent and Kokrajhar district the lowest of 5.2 per cent. Out of the 27 districts, 14 — Dhubri, Morigaon, Goalpara, Darrang, Nagaon, Karimganj, Hailakandi, Barpeta, Bongaigaon, Cachar, Dhemaji, Kamrup (Metropolitan), Karbi Anglong and Lakhimpur recorded population growth above the State rate.


  • Reflects positive attitude of society towards the girl child

  • State ranked third, behind Chhattisgarh and Kerala