CHENNAI: The four Yugas are said to succeed one another almost endlessly and each Yuga witnesses a progressive fall in moral standards. The Krita Yuga, also known as Satya Yuga, is believed to be the Golden Age when truth, goodness and high ideals prevailed. Dharma reigned supreme in this era. The succeeding eras, Treta, Dwapara and Kali, are marked by a gradual decline in dharma. The present age of Kali is characterised as an age of evil, hatred, wickedness and low moral standards.
Yuga Sandhi is the period of transition between two Yugas and heralds the further imminent fall in dharma and it manifests the inevitable trickle of moral weakness into the nature and behaviour of people, working its way in as powerful a manner as the force of destiny, said Sri M. V. Anantapadmanabhachariar in a lecture. It drives people towards yielding to anger, desire, greed, etc., and this shift is to be seen more as the result of the compelling effects of the times. What other reason than this could account for the turnabout in Kaikeyi who swung from genuine elation at the forthcoming coronation celebration to a relentless antagonism that not only deprived Lord Rama of the kingdom but also sent Him into exile for fourteen years?
During Yudhishtira's reign, at the transition of Dwapara and Kali Yugas, a dispute between a seller and buyer of a piece of land that was brought to his notice assumed a different dimension indicating the advent of Kali and its adverse effects in the mind and attitude of people. The buyer of the land had discovered a pot of gold while ploughing and believed it rightfully belonged to the seller while the latter did not think so.
Yudhishtira asked Lord Krishna's advice in this matter and the two men were asked to come a week later. When finally the dispute came up, the disputants had changed stances with the seller claiming the gold and the buyer not willing to relinquish it.
The incident merely shows the manifestation of the ill effects of the age of Kali when mental perversions occur blurring the sense of right and wrong.