Scriptures enjoin a code of conduct for society and individuals. This is known as dharma and is an obligatory duty for all. The code of dharma values virtue as its own reward and is the driving force for human life. It is not as if adhering to dharma and refraining from evil confers merit. But the aphoristic truths in scriptures are not easily accessible to all.
To make explicit the nuances of this code which is the very foundation of human values, the Lord incarnated as Rama. In this avatar, He treads the path of righteousness in all situations — son, brother, husband, prince, ruler, companion, friend, and also as the protecting Lord who gives succour to all Jivatmas. Every being in any walk of life can find inspiration and guidance to lead a virtuous life from knowing Rama’s story. The life of Rama presents the practice of Dharma which is the foundation of human values, and provides a beacon light to humanity to tread the righteous path, said Swami Buddhidananda in a lecture.
To make this invaluable incarnation with all the happenings to be available to mankind at all times, Brahma narrated the life of Rama the celestial beings and sages. He then inspired Narada to impart this account to Valmiki. Valmiki imbibed in his consciousness the true form and being of the Supreme Lord who is extolled by the Vedas. Brahma conferred on Valmiki the divine sight by which he is able to see the entire lifetime of Rama as clearly as one would perceive an object in one’s palm. We should have faith on the scriptures and devotion to its import. These were not written by any human being. The Ramayana was written by Valmiki who was in turn blessed by Brahma. Brahma conferred on Valmiki the gift of poesy and declared that through his grace whatever was uttered by Valmiki was the truth. Great Kavyas and Sastras come into being through the grace of God. Whatever happened in the life of Rama has been recorded faithfully by Valmiki who saw the happenings directly. In the pursuit of the goals of human life (the purusharthas) individuals are subject to joy and sorrow. They are driven to gain wealth (artha) as a means to sustain themselves. They also live to fulfil desires (kama) depending on their individual motivation during the different stages of their life. While engaged in these pursuits, they are expected to adhere to the path of Dharma and practise virtue at all times and thus strive to get liberated (Moksha). A preceptor knows the difficulties of the student and is also steeped in Brahma Jnana.
The inner meaning of the scriptures remains hidden and can be understood only with the help of preceptors who can impart it to others.