The celebrations to mark the birth centenary of Swami Vivekananda, saint, scholar and savant and the prophet of the modern age, commenced all over the country and other parts of the world today. The celebrations were heralded all over West Bengal at 6.25 a.m. with the blowing of conch-shells and lighting of lamps. The day’s main function started before dawn at the Swamiji’s temple in Belur Math with “Mangalarati” amidst chanting of Vedic hymns and singing of bhajans amidst serene and solemn atmosphere. Thousands of devotees from distant places flocked to the math with the break of day to pay their homage to the saint, who has given the message of “awake, arise and stop not till you reach your goal.”
Tibet food crisis
Tibet is facing a severe food shortage and the Chinese are looking for additional sources of supply, according to information reaching here. Tibetan refugees who managed to cross the frontier and reach here said that the people in the border district of Tibet had risen in revolt against the Chinese authorities, following the acute shortage of food. A campaign to step up food production started sometime ago ended in failure due to an unusually heavy monsoon this year. The change-over from the old land system to State ownership is another reason for low food production. But the biggest factor is over-population.
U.S. space spending
President Kennedy today sent to Congress a record peace-time budget, totalling $11,900 million deficit. The President’s budget covering the fiscal year 1964, beginning next July, proposed a $2,400 million increase in defence spending, a big boost in space expenditure and represented a rise of $4,500 million over spending estimated for the current fiscal year. The President estimated Government receipts at $86,900 million an increase of $1,400 million over estimates for the current fiscal year. At the same time, the President informed Congress of his plans for a major programme of tax reduction and reform, which, he said, was necessary, if the economy was to perform at maximum efficiency.