The conference of six Afro-Asian non-aligned countries decided that its purpose was not to consider the merits and demerits of the dispute, but to provide for an exchange of views in order to assist India and China to resume direct negotiations with a view to arriving at a peaceful settlement. The conference had before it documents supplied by the Government of India and the Government of the People’s Republic of China during its nearly four hours’ discussions. The conference began with opening speeches by the leaders of delegations from Ceylon, Burma, Cambodia, Ghana, Indonesia and United Arab Republic in which they expressed their concern over the Sino-Indian conflict, particularly as regards the implications of these developments for the future of peace not only in Asia and Africa, but in the world at large. Ceylon Prime Minister Mrs. Sirimavo Bandaranaike said that Ceylon was most suited for this momentous conference for it was in that very same Senate Chambers the Prime Ministers of the Commonwealth countries met for the first time and produced the Colombo Plan.
Protection to tenants
The Governor of Kerala has issued an Ordinance giving protection to tenants following two recent judgments of the Kerala High Court declaring the Kerala Agrarian Relations Act 1960 as unconstitutional in its application to the major portion of the lands in the State. The Ordinance, called the Kerala Tenants and Kudikidappukaras Protection Ordinance, 1962, stays eviction of tenants from their holdings and also legal action for collection of arrears of rent.
Bhave wants dry law
Acharya Vinoba Bhave, the Bhoodan leader, has urged the Union Government to stick to their declared policy on Prohibition. Referring to the “peculiar attitude” taken by some State Governments regarding Prohibition, in his prayer speech, the Acharya said, China, which was long under the influence of opium, rose and launched a movement for the abolition of opium evil. Our Government, on the contrary, were now encouraging reopening of closed drink shops in different States, he added.