CHENNAI: The aim of spiritual attainment is Brahma Jnana, the highest knowledge that leads to liberation. The means to attain this knowledge is as esoteric as the knowledge itself. The Vedas, comprising the two sections, the Karmakanda and the Jnanakanda, deal with the two concepts of Dharma and Brahma. The former pertains to the performance of rites and rituals and the latter deals with the attainment of the highest knowledge. The Upanishads form the knowledge portion of the Vedas.

The revelations in the Kaivalyopanishad are useful pointers to those who aspire to make some headway in their spiritual pursuit. Since knowledge of the Absolute and the Sublime is subtle and remains hidden and elusive, it is pointed out that it cannot be grasped by the senses and comprehension takes place only with faith, devotion and meditation.

The basis of this knowledge is the awareness that the inner self is distinct from the body, and learning to dissociate oneself from the body while identifying more and more with the self, said Swamini Satyavratananda in a lecture. The individual engrossed in this worldly existence, buffeted by the joys and sorrows, is not able to see beyond the daily grind.

To gain awareness of one's self, by which the soul's kinship with the universal Brahman is comprehended, one has to understand the truth that all associations when the soul is in embodied form are merely temporary.

The mind is the seat of joy or sorrow. Pain or pleasure, apart from being temporary, are experienced in one's mind, and the soul remains unaffected. When the mind is drawn towards desire, anger, greed, envy, etc., it automatically drives itself to the lower worlds. But when it is drawn towards pursuit of truth, practice of meditation, display of compassion, etc., it is heading towards higher worlds.

He who understands the temporary nature of existence and longs to pursue immortal bliss has to learn to renounce worldly attractions. Such a person will never be disturbed by the worldly events, just like the water will not get disturbed when it completely fills the pot.