CHENNAI: In the Bhagavad Gita, Lord Krishna emphasises that Sanyasa (renunciation) is a matter of inward attitude and has little to do with outwards acts. A total renunciation of selfish purpose or desire for gain in whatever act one may be engaged in is implied. A true yogi continues to perform the ordained duties with commitment and yet does not expect anything in return. He derives joy and peace from within and is content with the truth of his inner self.
Sri N. Veezhinathan drew attention to the fact that the main hurdle to the practice of true renunciation is the mind's propensity to easily get deluded whereby the truths are missed from one's grasp. This is termed false perception. Kama (desire) and Krodha (anger) sensations that arise in the mind when it gets attracted to objects are actually the two sides of the same coin. When objects appeal to the mind either as being a source of pleasure or as a cause of fear or frustration, they become hurdles to renunciation. Allowing the mind to rest on the objects is the cause of fear and desire.
A Jnani does not consider the objects of the world as capable of giving happiness or pain. Since he has no desire for them he is free from fear, anger or frustration that would otherwise arise. When there is no lust and hatred, there is neither longing nor loathing.
Only the knowledge of the Absolute's presence in all objects of creation can engender in one this yoga of renunciation when worldly attractions to which external senses are sensitive are treated with caution.
The wise know their ephemeral quality and do not even give them a thought. Their minds are fixed on eternal bliss that one experiences with the realisation of God's presence in everything. This yoga demands control of body, senses and mind. When the mind yields to the ego it becomes constrained. He who has not relinquished desire cannot be a yogi. The ability to control desires is achieved through practice of Karma Yoga. It calls for renunciation of not merely action but also the fruits of action. One has to give up action in the right spirit and also perform action in the right spirit.