CHENNAI: Central to all scriptural teachings is the belief that all existence is a manifestation of God and that God exists in all beings as the innermost self.

This truth is realised in the direct experiences of the seers and sages of the Upanishads. The true spiritual outlook of the Bhagavad Gita is to enable individuals to pursue the ultimate goal of life, God-realisation, through the gaining of the knowledge of the Self, pointed out Sri N. Veezhinathan in a lecture.

Only the Jnana (knowledge) of the ultimate reality that the true nature of the immortal Atma is part of the eternal Brahman can dispel the darkness of ignorance that easily deludes.

The awareness of the indwelling divine spirit in all objects of creation, animate and inanimate, enables one to see the various embodied forms as essentially one and that differences that are perceived are merely external.

Such a frame of mind that sees God's presence in all the infinite variety of His creation is the basis of the Jnani's Samadrishti (equalmindedness).

Adi Sankara's hymn Manisha Panchakam is the statement of this highest wisdom when Lord Siva, on the banks of the Ganga in Kasi, in the guise of an outcaste inspired in this saint the enlightenment that views the entire creation as Brahma Swaroopam.

Those who remain in cosmic consciousness transcend the transitory existence. They are not bound by the limitations of this world even while living in it since they no longer have any attachment to objects. Neither do they succumb to ego that is manifest in the sense of I and Mine since this knowledge inspires great humility in them.

The thrust on renunciation is to underscore its role in furthering spiritual life. When the soul is no longer attached to external contacts, one finds happiness in the Self. Non-attachment leads to inner peace, freedom and joy.

A realised soul is able to resist the pull of desire and anger and neither rejoices on obtaining what is pleasant nor grieves when he is confronted with unpleasant situations. With a firm understanding of the eternal truth he remains composed.