Russia on October 24 after more than 24 hours silence launched a scathing attack on the Swedish Academy for its award of the 1958 Nobel Literature prize to Boris Pasternak, Soviet author of a book which has been withheld from the Russian people. The leading Soviet literary newspaper, Literaturnaya Gazeta, describing the award as a “hostile political act” said the Swedes, as tools of international reaction were “fanning the cold war against the Soviet Union, the Soviet regime and the ideas of all-conquering socialism.”