“The First Five-Year Plan was instrumental in bringing about a marked improvement in levels of production, both in agriculture and in industry. It also initiated a number of structural and institutional changes. The Plan has evoked widespread public interest and enthusiasm and there is a new and insistent urge for rapid development all over the country.” Thus says the review of the First Five-Year Plan (including the Progress Report for 1955-56), which is the fifth and last in the series of progress reports issued by the Planning Commission.