Replying to the debate in the Lok Sabha on the demands for grants for the Department of Atomic Energy on July 24, Prime Minister Nehru said work relating to the development of atomic energy in the country had been “remarkably rapid and good” and scientists of other countries had appreciated the good progress India had made. He said the Government of India were looking ahead and planning for the next 15 years to develop atomic energy. He reiterated that India would in no event use atomic energy for destructive purposes, but only for peaceful purposes. He was confident that this would be the policy of all future Governments in the country. The House passed the demands totalling Rs.7 crores. Mr. Nehru warned that an “atomic colonialism” might develop in the world if the fissionable material was in the hands of a group of powers. The Prime Minister said that considering India’s population the conventional sources of power like coal and oil in the country were not very great. India had to build for the future and as far as he could see, the main source of power, apart from the conventional source, had to be atomic energy. “So it becomes a question of extreme practical importance for us to develop power from atomic resources and we are trying to do so.”