The need for making greater effort to teach and do research in basic science in India was stressed by Prime Minister Nehru speaking in the Lok Sabha on May 1 on the debate on the scientific policy resolution of the Government. Mr. Nehru said that the resolution, which stressed the importance attached by Government to science, was not the expression of a pious hope but the culmination of something that Government had been doing ever since independence. They had built up a chain of national laboratories and as early as 1948, set up a Scientific Manpower Committee.