Seoul said on Friday that it has decided to withdraw the roughly 175 South Koreans still at a jointly run factory complex in North Korea, raising a major question about the survival of the last symbol of inter-Korean cooperation.

The statement by the Minister in Charge of Inter-Korean relations came after North Korea rejected Seoul’s demand for talks on the factory park that has been closed nearly a month.

Seoul said it issued a Friday deadline for North Korea to respond to its call for talks because it was worried about its workers not having access to food and medicine. North Korea hasn’t allowed supplies or workers to cross the border since early this month.

“We’ve made the inevitable decision to bring back all the remaining personnel in Kaesong for the protection of our people as their difficulties continue to grow,” Unification Minister Ryoo Kihl-jae said in a televised statement.

Mr. Ryoo urged North Korea to protect the property of South Korean companies at Kaesong and ensure the safety of South Korean managers when they return home. He didn’t say when the withdrawal would take place.

Pyongyang’s powerful National Defence Commission earlier said Seoul’s demand for working-level talks was deceptive and that ongoing U.S.-South Korean military drills and the spreading of anti-North Korea leaflets at the border were proof of Seoul’s insincerity.

The park in the North Korean border town of Kaesong is the most significant casualty so far in the recent deterioration of relations between the Koreas. Pyongyang barred South Korean managers and cargo from entering North Korea early this month, then recalled the 53,000 North Koreans who worked on the assembly lines. More than 800 South Korean managers were stationed in Kaesong before the ban.

“If they are truly worried about the lives of South Korean personnel in the [complex], they may withdraw all of them to the south side where there are stockpiles of food and raw materials and sound medical conditions,” the statement from an unidentified spokesman for the North’s National Defence Commission said on Friday. It added that North Korea would guarantee the workers’ safety during the withdrawal.

The statements on Kaesong this week follow what had been something of a lull after a weeks-long tirade of warlike North Korean rhetoric that included threats of nuclear war and missile strikes.

Tension rose as Seoul responded with its own tough language to Pyongyang’s outburst, which was unusually violent, even by the standards of the already hostile relationship between the Koreas.

The Kaesong complex has operated with South Korean know-how and technology and with cheap labour from North Korea since 2004. It weathered past cycles of hostility between the rivals, including two attacks blamed on North Korea in 2010 that killed 50 South Koreans. — AP


  • The industrial park is in the N. Korean town of Kaesong

  • Most significant casualty so far in the recent crisis