Chadian troops swarmed into the desert town of Kidal in northeastern Mali on Tuesday, securing the last Islamist bastion as global players met in Brussels to carve out a path back to stability for the troubled west African nation.
The French Defence Ministry said 1,800 Chadian troops had entered Kidal to “secure” the Saharan outpost, after days of air strikes in the surrounding mountains where Islamist insurgents are believed to be hiding in hillside caves.
“The French are controlling the airport with the back-up of two paratrooper units,” a Ministry official said, adding that nearly 4,000 French troops were now on the ground in its former west African colony.
The official said French air strikes had hit 25 targets in recent days, “mainly logistical depots and training centres” in the areas of Aguelhok and Tessalit, near the Algerian border.
French-led forces have driven out the extremist fighters, who had controlled the north for 10 months, from their key strongholds in Gao, Timbuktu and Kidal after sweeping to Mali’s aid on January 11 to stop the rebels from advancing on the capital Bamako.
The rebels melted away into the Adrar des Ifoghas massif around Kidal, a craggy mountain landscape honeycombed with caves where they are believed to be holding seven French hostages kidnapped in Mali and Niger in 2011 and 2012.
Some 600 French troops based in the fabled city of Timbuktu prepared to withdraw on Tuesday, crossing the Niger River and making their way to Gao before heading to Kidal, a military source told AFP.
In Brussels, global players met to carve out plans for Mali’s future once the 26-day-old joint offensive draws to an end.
“When a state falls apart it takes time to put it together again, like Humpty Dumpty,” an EU official said on condition of anonymity.
“It’s going to take years to achieve the end outcome. But I hope it will only take months to achieve a secure enough environment.”
At the top of the immediate political agenda in Brussels will be the dispatch of human rights observers, amid fears of rights abuse and reprisals against light-skinned Tuareg and Arabs who are accused of backing the Islamists.
Aside from rustling up aid and speeding up plans to deploy a formal United Nations peacekeeping force, the delegations from the U.N., African Union and other blocs will also mull how to assist Mali hold elections before July 31. — AFP