Was condemned for using munitions during 2009 Gaza offensive
Israel’s army has announced that it will stop using munitions containing white phosphorus, for which it was internationally condemned during a military operation against Gaza in 2008-2009.
Shells containing the chemical “will no longer be used”, the army said in a statement released late on Thursday.
“In around a year, the Israeli artillery will have developed a new munition which can create smoke screens and that uses only gas. This will replace the current munitions which contain small amounts of phosphorus,” it said.
On January 15, 2009 the military fired white phosphorous shells in the vicinity of a compound of the United Nations’ (U.N.) agency for Palestinian refugees (UNRWA) in Gaza City to obscure Israeli troop positions from Hamas fighters in the area, local media said.
International law prohibits the use of white phosphorous shells in heavily populated civilian areas, but allows them in open spaces to be used as cover for troops. A Human Rights Watch report claimed Israel committed war crimes in its use of air-burst white phosphorus artillery shells
Israel launched a 22-day offensive on the Gaza Strip on December 27, 2008 in response to rocket fire from the Islamist Hamas-run territory. The war killed 1,400 Palestinians and 13 Israelis, and it sparked widespread international criticism of Israel for using disproportionate force. — AFP