Hundreds of thousands of Catalans were to unite to create a 400-km human chain on September 11, part of a spectacular campaign for independence, fiercely opposed by Madrid.
Some 400,000 people aim to join hands along the entire coastline of the northeastern region of Catalonia to demand a historic redrawing of the map of Spain.
The protest is being organised by Catalan separatists on the region’s national day, or Diada, which recalls the final defeat of Catalan troops by Spanish King Philip V’s forces in 1714.
Though the event is tagged the “The Catalan Way Towards Independence”, the route faces a major roadblock in the form of the Spanish government.
Prime Minister Mariano Rajoy’s right-leaning administration refuses to countenance a breakup of Spain, and has vowed to block a referendum on self-rule that Catalan president Artur Mas has promised for 2014.
In a sign of its determination, Madrid called on the Constitutional Court to strike down the region’s latest attempt to assert itself: a parliamentary declaration of sovereignty in January.
The court agreed to hear the case, meaning the declaration is suspended until it makes a ruling.
Proud of their distinct language and culture, yet suffering in Spain’s recession, many of the 7.5 million people in debt-laden Catalonia resent seeing their taxes redistributed to other parts of the country.
Catalonia has an unemployment rate of 23.85 per cent — lower than the national average of 26.26 per cent but still painfully high — and a public debt of €50.9 billion ($67 billion).
The region had to go cap in hand to Madrid in January to ask for €9.07 billion ($11.9 billion) from a fund to help debt-laden regions.
Hundreds of thousands of people had joined in a huge national day rally last year as Catalan separatist stirrings were stoked by the cuts to health and education services.
Yet a year later their aspirations remain frustrated.
Just days before the Diada, Catalonia’s political chief seemed to cast doubt on the 2014 referendum in a radio interview.
The 2014 poll would be organised respecting the law and with the agreement of Spanish government, Mr. Mas said, adding that such support was unlikely.
If Madrid refused to relent, Catalans could use regional government elections scheduled for 2016 as an alternative form of plebiscite, he argued.
But the next day Mr. Mas insisted that the 2014 referendum would go ahead “one way or the other”.
Catalans, who have a reputation as impeccable organisers, say the human chain is to pass through 86 cities, towns and villages over more than 400 km.
A total 350,000 people have so far signed up for the chain in Catalonia, according to the latest update by the organisers, the Catalan National Assembly.
About 5,000 volunteers will help run the protest. Some 1,500 buses will help move protesters into position.
Police will deploy 4,000 officers including in the regional capital Barcelona, where anti-independence protesters calling for Spanish unity are also seeking permission to rally.
Catalan activists say they are organising 110 smaller human chains in advance of September 11, with rallies in Australia, Africa, Asia, including one at the Great Wall of China, and the Americas.