What is Qwikipedia?
Ever been on Wikipedia to look up an article? More often than not, we start with one topic, click on a few links and within no time are reading about something else. Qwikipedia is a game that tries to quench this curiosity in us.
The objective is to get to a particular wiki page, starting from a specific article, using minimal clicks. There is no single correct answer, so we might surprise ourselves by finding new routes each time!
Friday’s Free rider
Cupcake —> Ebola virus disease
If you like cupcakes you’re going to wish you lived in New York City, U.S.A., once you read about what they have there: A 24-hour cupcake ATM! (See how it works at www.thne.ws/cupcakeATM)
Designed to serve one person, the cupcake was first mentioned in a recipe written back in 1796, as “a cake to be baked in small cups”. Cupcakes use the same basic ingredients as normal cakes – sugar, butter, eggs and flour. It’s quite easy to make so try it in the summer holidays!
Since readymade butter is so easily available in shops today, it’s easy to forget how it is actually made. Butter is made by churning fresh or fermented cream or milk (the cream is often pasteurised to kill pathogens). When refrigerated, butter remains in solid form, but it melts to a consistency that makes it convenient to spread on food items like bread.
The earliest butter is thought to have come from goat or sheep’s milk, but these days cow’s milk is more frequently used.
India produces one of the largest amounts of butter in the whole world. According to Wikipedia, we produced 1,470,000 metric tonnes of it in 1997!
In entomology, which is the study of insects, pathogens are one of the three Ps that suppress pest populations. The other 2 are predators and parasitoids.
Pathogens are the right term to what we loosely refer to as “germs” – microorganisms that cause disease. These may be bacteria, viruses, fungi, protozoa or prions.
Diseases caused by pathogens include chicken pox, flu, mumps, malaria, measles, ebola, etc. Today, vaccines are available for many of these diseases.
Ebola virus disease
You may have read about the deadly Ebola outbreak in West Africa in the ‘Health’ page yesterday. The disease was discovered in 1976 in the Democratic Republic of Congo.
Since then, only about 2,200 known cases of Ebola have been recorded, 1,500 of which resulted in death.
Most cases begin with flu-like symptoms like malaria and cholera, making it difficult to distinguish.
It usually exists within bat populations, with rare human outbreaks like this one.
So the path that we have traversed today is:
Cupcake —> Butter —> Pathogen —> Ebola virus disease
Three clicks! Hop over. It’s time for the next question:
Crow —> Roller Coaster
Send in your paths for the above to email@example.com with the subject “Qwikipedia”. Do include your name, class and school!
Norman Borlaug, Mother Teresa, Nelson Mandela, Martin Luther King Jr., Elie Wiesel, Muhammad Yunus, and Aung San Suu Kyi are the seven people to have won the Nobel Peace Prize, the Presidential Medal of Freedom and the Congressional Gold Medal. Congratulations G. Vennela, Class 8, Teja Vidyalaya, Kodad for giving the right answer!