Exercising after a heart attack? Sure, keep it up

Some important benefits of exercising after a heart attack can vanish in weeks if the exercise is stopped, a new study has found.

The researchers tested FMD — flow-mediated dilation, a measure of the flexibility of an artery as blood flows through it — in 228 heart attack survivors.

Their arteries averaged about 4.2 per cent expansion, compared with the 10 per cent considered normal in healthy people.

Then the scientists divided patients into four groups to undergo resistance training, aerobic exercise, both together, or no exercise programme at all.

Finally, the exercisers “detrained”, remaining idle for four weeks.

The study, published in the March 16 issue of the journal, Circulation, found that the dilation had increased to 5.3 per cent in the people who had not exercised, but to an average of more than 10 per cent in the training groups.

After four weeks of detraining, dilation returned to almost exactly the initial levels in all three exercise groups.

“Cardiac rehabilitation is cheap,” said Dr. Margherita Vona, the lead author and director of cardiac rehabilitation at a clinic in Glion-sur-Montreux, Switzerland,

“but the price of losing its benefits is high.

It’s important to educate patients about exercise, and essential that they continue for the long term.” — NYT