A childhood fascination for the story of Duleep Singh led to “The Exile”
Does it matter where one dies, in which country, which land?...If you have not lived at home, perhaps there is no cause to die there.
The opening lines of diplomat-author Navtej Sarna’s latest book, The Exile can serve two purposes. One, as aimed by the author as a bud that holds a poignant narrative all set to blossom with the turning pages. Two, as an epitaph that could have been on the headstone of its protagonist, personally signed.
Alas, Sarna’s protagonist, Duleep Singh, the last Maharaja of Punjab, died “in a cheap Paris hotel” way back in 1893.
History doesn’t see this child-king as extraordinary, but his life story certainly was. Rather intriguing, resting almost on the fringes of fiction.
That is why Sarna, to bridge a few gaps even after long research on the life and the times of this youngest of Maharaja Ranjit Singh’s acknowledged sons, could easily decide to “push available facts towards the realm of fiction.”
Duleep Singh’s story goes thus: After the death of his two stepbrothers, he was enthroned at age five. The British not only annexed his kingdom soon but took him under their guardianship, away from his mother and his people.
Converted to Christianity, he was transported to England to live the life of a county squire in Elveden, at age 16.
The realisation of his lost legacy turned him into a rebel. He became a Sikh again, tried returning home but got dragged into the muddy politics of 19th Century Europe.
After a lonely death in a Paris hotel, he was buried in Elveden not with Sikh but Christian rites. Sarna fills in, “Though he married twice, had eight children, none of his children had any child. In that sense, the line of Ranjit Singh ended.”
Talking about the toil behind the book, Sarna says, “It sat on my desk for nearly nine years. For it, I dug into history books written in India and abroad, in English and Punjabi.”
The Indian Foreign Service officer says his diplomatic posting in Washington helped him to access the Library of Congress which had old books about that period in history.
“Also, at the National Archives in New Delhi, I could lay my hands on the files that had details about his early life, say his days in Fattehgarh and Mussoorie. Most of these files have remained unused.”
His human side
Fascinated by the story of the Maharaja, about whom he had first heard from his mother nearly 40 years ago, Sarna says he “wanted to bring out the emotions, the pathos, the tragedy of his story.”
He adds, “It is supposed to be a novel and I try getting inside the mind of this historical person.”
Duleep Singh has found space in history “from the English point of view” and Sarna, in this Penguin India publication, attempts to tell his story “from the Indian point of view.” And to achieve it, this former External Affairs Ministry spokesman — now all set to go to Israel as India’s ambassador — says he “had to steal time” from his full time job.
“When you want to do justice to your day job you end up writing on flights, during train journeys, on weekends.”
There was a time when he used to do photography too during free time. “I love clicking human faces and landscapes with my old Nikon SLR. But the digital age has stolen the joy of clicking pictures.”
While his interest in photography grew out of travelling, his love for writing stemmed from growing up in a household “where books were considered important.” His father M.S. Sarna was a respected name in Punjabi literature and mother Surjit Singh, a reputed translator, but Sarna underlines, “That can give you a certain atmosphere, but to become a writer, it’s not essential.”
His writing stint began in the late ’70s with newspaper articles and has written quite a few short stories too.
His debut novel, We Were Not Lovers Like That was published in 2003. What would follow The Exile is yet to be decided. “Right now, I am trying to settle down with the thought that The Exile is finally out.”SANGEETA BAROOAH PISHAROTY