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Palamau Tiger Reserve

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The Palamau Tiger Reserve lies in the western part of the Chhotanagpur plateau in Bihar. The forest stretches from the edge of the Netarhat hill range in the south to the Auranga river in the north and from the Latehar-Sarju road in the east to Madhya Pradesh border in the west. The forest of Palamau is the catchment of the river North Koel. Palamau Tiger Reserve was created at the time when Project Tiger was in India in 1973. The present area of the Reserve got duly constituted either as Protected Forest or Reserved Forest under the Indian Forest Act, 1927 way back in 1947. The verdant landscape is clothed with stately Sal in the valleys and lower slopes, and with dry deciduous forests on the upper slopes and on the mound caps in the northern part. Copious bamboo and scattered open grassy patches are common. Almost pure patches of Bel (Aegle marmelos) are unique vegetation types mostly found in the northern part of the reserve. Other places of interest: The track is undulating and the important hills are Murhu, Netarhat, Huluk and Gulgul. Gulgul is the highest hill. Hill slops are steep in southern part and gentle in the northern part of the Reserve. There are many water falls. A few of them - Mirchaia Water Fall near Garu, Suga Bandh Water Fall near Baresand and Lodh Fall, which is the highest water fall in the Bihar State — are tourist attractions. Animals: Tiger, Leopard, Cheetal, Sambar, Barking Deer, Wolf, Wild Dog, Elephant, Mouse Deer, Pangolin, Fourhorned Antelope and Indian Ratel.Best time to visit: Open all round the year. How to get there:By rail: The nearest railway station is Daltongunj, connected to many places in the region with regular trains. Ranchi and Gaya are convenient for tourists coming from Delhi and Kolkata respectively. By air: Ranchi, situated around 140 km away, is the nearest airport. By road: The sanctuary is well connected to other cities in the region by regular buses run by the state transport corporation and private companies. Where to stay: There are accommodation facilities available at Betla, including a three star hotel, tourist lodges, log huts, and tree houses. Also available is a doll-like tree house, made of wood, with fully furnished bedroom suites. The tourist complex offers a lodge with fully furnished rooms as well as a canteen. Contact: Field Director, Palamau Tiger Reserve, P.O. Daltonganj District, Palamau, Jharkhand-822101. Ph: 06562-22650 or e-mail root@fdptr.b.nic.in

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