ISSUE Inclusive education is challenging. But its impressive results are reason enough for schools to take it up vigorously
A s a kid, Kedar was mainstreamed from a special school to a regular school.
Now ask him if he felt left out at the regular school when his classmates rushed off to sports or other activities he couldn't take part in, and he asks: “What can be a greater stigma than studying in a special school?” Kedar's question turns the spotlight on the need for inclusive education.
The right to education aside, a much overlooked fact is that inclusive education is beneficial to not just the special child, but the other kids too. Research shows that kids in inclusive schools have better social development, social skills, positive attitude and emotional development, and as good academic growth too. “After all, isn't this what education is about too — learning about different kinds of people, cultures, abilities, interests, socio-economic situations and developing into socially responsible individuals?” asks Rajul Padmanabhan.
And yet, inclusion remains an exception rather than the norm. No surveys are needed to prove the point. How many special children have we come across studying with the others?
Not many schools have the commitment, and smaller schools fear parents' reaction or that they don't have the resources. However, comfortingly, many special schools are ready to help out the child.
“We are around for not just the initial sensitising or teaching sessions; we are in touch with the schools that we mainstream our kids into, and are ready to help out with any problem that may crop up”, says Jaya Krishnaswamy, director, Madhuram Narayanan Centre for Exceptional Children.
Vidya Sagar too is ready to send its teachers to help out in any school that faces challenges in inclusive education. Having said that, schools must take such kids under their wings with care , feel inclusive education experts. Only with this does true development come about, they say.
Another facet to the issue is that a few parents of children who get included don't inform the schools of their child's special challenges, fearing the child would be branded.
“Consequently, many such kids get thrown out of school after a few years because of ‘failing', and fall back into special schools”, informs Jaya.
A flexible curriculum would help, as would a curriculum that includes more hands-on-training and vocational skills such as craft, carpentry, music, etc.“It would prepare the special kids for jobs,” says Rajul. “Some specials schools are to blame too, for they don't even try to mainstream the kids.”
Many parents are neither aware that the Right to Education Act mandates inclusion of differently-abled kids into mainstream schools nor realise that their kids can be mainstreamed. Meanwhile, fully inclusive schools are a rarity.
As for other kids' acceptance of the special child, it does not seem to be a problem. They are upfront with their questions and accept diversity easily. “If they see a special child drooling, they would point it out and be done with it,” says Rajul.
“Teachers can play a big role too — by initiating peer interaction, by getting the special child to sit alongside a particularly empathetic child and designing activities that get the special child to feel like an achiever,” suggests Sangeetha Madhu, clinical child psychologist.
Schools are made of children. If they are able to see each other as individuals rather than as ‘abled' or ‘challenged', why can't more of our schools?
POINTS TO PONDER