The Telugu film industry has come a long way.
The first talkie film was shot in the State in 1936 at the first film studio built by Nidamarthi Suraiah at Rajahmundry. Starring Koderu Raju and Pushpavalli, the studio made Sampoorna Ramayanam. Two years later, C. Pullaiah took over the studio and made Mohini Bhasmasura (1938). In the same year he produced Sathyanarayanavratham, but the length was not enough. So he added a short film, Kasulaperu and exhibited it as a three-in-one film . But the studio did not last long. It is said that an old studio existed during the Nizam period on the banks of River Moosi in Amberpet, Hyderabad. Today, an abandoned floor stands as testimony to this. Y. Ramakrishna Prasad and C.V.R. Prasad of Sarathi Films shifted base from Madras in 1956 and built Sri Sarathi Studios in Ameerpet. The studio started functioning two years later. The Rojulumaarayi producers wished to make another film but they were stuck at selecting the script. At the same time, a few technicians led by P. Gangadhara Rao and filmmaker G. Ramineedu formed Navasakthi Films and made Maa Inti Mahalakshmi, at the studios, thus it became the first Telugu talkie shot entirely at Hyderabad. The visit of A. Nageswara Rao to Sarathi Studios sowed the seeds for the construction of Annapurna Studios. With Telugu film industry firmly ensconced in Hyderabad, other studios like, Ramakrishana, Ramanaidu, Padmalaya and Ramoji Film City too became the hub of activity. In these 75 years filmmakers in our country have demonstrated an amazing capacity to survive crisis after crisis - from World War II (raw stock scarcity), to the vagaries of censorship and excessive taxation to occasional internal turmoil, to video piracy. From 1931 to 2006 the total number of straight Telugu films produced was 3,774. Not included in the list is about 280 films censored and not released during this period (source: `Film News' Anandan). It is laudable that the Telugu film industry is the first in the country to celebrate the Platinum Jubilee of talking cinema on a grand note for three days starting with this Republic Day. But when do those stuck films get their freedom from the film cans? The industry can surely salvage some of them if not the entire lot.