The main ingredients of wisdom are intelligence, knowledge, skill, logic and experience. Individually, all have their importance but worthless unless combined
A girl asked her mother `what is wisdom?' The mother showed the jar and asked her whether she would eat a cup of sugar from it. The girl said `no'. "How about the maida or eggs... or a spoon of essence?" asked the mother. More confused, the girl answered in the negative. "But if all these are mixed, you would love to eat the cake. Isn't it? And wisdom is like a cake. The ingredients are intelligence, knowledge, skill, logic and experience. Individually, all have their importance but worthless unless combined in correct proportions.
Epistemology is the branch of philosophy, derived from two Greek words --episteme (knowledge) and logos (word) -- and deals with the origin and scope of knowledge. A student gets his knowledge from six sources: shabda (listening), drishya (seeing), pariseelana (observing), anumaana (questioning), anubhava (experiencing), yochana (thinking). In earlier days, parents used to send children to `gurukulas'. The students were to revere the guru and the master, after watching the child for sometime, decided the area in which he would shine and then groom him accordingly. It was contrary to our present practice where the parents would decide the future course of the child depending on the demand without taking into consideration their interests and skills. Skill is the proficiency acquired through training. "Walking on a rope over Niagara Falls is skill. Not trying is wisdom," said Winston Churchill.
Soft skill is defined as the ability that influences how we interact with others. It includes such abilities as effective communication, creativity, analytical thinking, diplomacy, flexibility, change-readiness, problem solving, leadership, team building, and listening skills. Now a days many organisations are testing the soft skills of the candidates before selecting. Another part of wisdom is logic. Logic is defined as the branch of philosophy that analyses inference. "If a clock takes two seconds to strike two bells, how much time does it take to strike three bells?" is a question, recently asked in an interview by an MNC. Between two bells, there is one interval and if it takes two seconds for it, then it takes 4 seconds for three bells (two intervals) is the answer. And it is logical inference.
The final part of wisdom is experience. Whatever may by your knowledge or skill proficiency, it is the experience that makes you wise. How fast you gain your wisdom through your experience depends on your intelligence and belongingness towards the experience. Intelligence is of two types. Fluid intelligence consists of skills that are biologically determined, independent of experience, whereas crystal intelligence refers to the knowledge and abilities one acquires through experience.