Higher studies in robotics engineeringI have completed B.Tech. in Electronics and Communication. I would like to know about the institutions that offer postgraduate programmes in robotics technology. And how important this discipline is in the Indian context.Jayakrishnan R,CherthalaA robot is an automatic device that performs functions normally ascribed to human or a machine in the form of a human. Robotics involves a scientific study of robots. Basically there are two types of robots - fixed and mobile. At present robots are present in almost every field of work. Robots have become more and more popular in industrial and other fields and work faster than human beings. Robots can operate in any situation, even ones too uncomfortable or dangerous for humans to work in. Today, robots are taking over most of the manipulative, hazardous and tedious jobs in factories, mines, atomic plants, space ships, deep-sea vessels, etc. from man. The automation of work through robotics has lead to substantial increase in productivity.In India, the interest in robots and robotics began during 1980s. Works on robotics began in advanced educational institutions and research centres such as the Indian Institutes of Technology, Indian Institute of Science, Bangalore, Bhabha Atomic Research Centre, etc. Robots have been developed for welding, spray painting, radioactive fuel handling operations and so on. There are also some very small nanometric-sized robots called nano-machines and some large ones like robonauts. All these are first generation robots and the second generation of robots, expected to arrive by 2015, would be truly versatile and intelligent as chimpanzees.
Specialisation and prospects
In robotics, there are different areas of specialisation. Robotics is all about designing robots, maintaining them, developing new applications and conducting research. Specialising in design and control in robotics is close to mechanical engineering. If you want to specialise in control and hardware design of robots, a B.Tech. degree in Electrical or Electronics or Electronics and Communication Engineering is the best-suited qualification. B.Tech. Computer Engineers can look at hardware design in robotics. The control part of the robot is all about certain aspects electrical engineering.A specialisation in robotics engineering will lead to potential job opportunities in manufacturing, research mining, nuclear power plant maintenance and variety of other areas.
Institutes can offer programmes in robotics engineering through their departments - Mechanical, Electrical, Computer Science, etc. Robotics engineering can also be studied at IITs Mumbai, Madras, Delhi, Kanpur, Kharagpur and Indian Institute of Science, Bangalore. The Centre for Robotics and Mechatronics at IIT Kanpur offers a Master's Programme in Robotics Engineering.Jadavpur University, Kolkata - 700 032 (West Bengal) (www.jadavpur.edu) , offers ME Robotics. The University of Hyderabad offers M.Tech. Artificial Intelligence and Robotics. The University College of Engineering, under the Osmania University, Hyderabad, offers ME/M.Tech Automaton and Robotics. MS University, Baroda, conducts a Master's programme with specialisation in automatic control and robotics.The Institute of Technology, under the Banaras Hindu University, conducts M.Tech. Production Engineering / Industrial Management Engineering with Robotics and Automation as electives.The Thapar Institute of Engineering and Technology, Patiala - 147 004, (www.tiet.ac.in) conducts ME in CAD / CAM and Robotics.The Birla Institute of Technology and Science (BITS), Pilani - 333 031, offers ME in Computer Science with robotics as a subject.Sri Sathya Sai Institute of Higher Learning, Prasanthinilayam, offers M.Tech. Computer Science with specialisation in artificial intelligence. Artificial Intelligence is defined as the ability of an artificial mechanism to exhibit intelligent behaviour. It is closely associated with robotics.The PSG College of Technology, Coimbatore, conducts M.Tech. Mechanical with robotics as an elective subject.The SRM Institute of Science and Technology (Deemed University), SRM Nagar, Kattankulathur, Kancheepuram District - 603 203, Tamil Nadu (www.srmuniv.ac.in) , offers M.Tech - Robotics.The Department of Electronics under the Cochin University of Science And Technology offers M.Sc. Electronic Science with specialisation in artificial intelligence, robotics, microwave electronics and computer technology. First class B.Sc. degree holders with not less than 60 per cent aggregate marks in Electronics, Computer Science or Physics (with electronics) are eligible for admission. Selection is based on CUSAT - CAT.
Some other suitable higher-study options for the meritorious engineering graduates in electronics and communication are ME / M.Tech. in Embedded Systems Technology, VLSI Design, Communication Systems, Digital Systems and Communication Engineering and these branches help in ensuring very good job opportunities in electronic industry and software engineering fields.The DOEACC Centre, Calicut (www.cedtic.com) , conducts M.Tech. in Embedded Systems. BE/B.Tech holders in Electronics/Electrical/ Instrumentation with valid GATE score are eligible for admission. This centre also conducts PG Diploma in Embedded System Design ED 500. Graduates in electronics and communication engineering are also eligible for admission.The National Institute of Technology (NIT) Calicut (Deemed University), NIT Campus P.O, Calicut - 673 601 (www.nitc.ac.in) , offers M.Tech. Electronics Engineering with specialisation in digital systems communication engineering, electronics design and technology, microelectronics and VLSI design. Selection is based on GATE score in the relevant branch.The School of Electronics under the Devi Ahilya Viswavidyalaya Indore (www.dauniv.ac.in) offers M.Tech. in Embedded Systems. GATE qualified candidates in electronics and communication engineering/ computer science engineering with BE/B.Tech./M.Sc. in Electronics/ Electronics and Communication/ Computer Science / IT / MCA with 55 per cent marks in aggregate are eligible for admission.Madan Mohan Malaviya Engineering College, Gorakhpur - 273 010 (UP), conducts an M.Tech. programme in Digital Systems. B.Tech./ BE holders in Electronics and Communication Engineering / equivalent are eligible for admission. (www.mmmec.net) .Aarupadi Veedu Institute of Technology (AVIT), Palyanoor, Chennai, under the Vinayaka Mission's Research Foundation (Deemed University), offers an ME course in VLSI Design and ME in Embedded System Technology for meritorious graduates in Electronics and Communication Engineering. Website: www.avit.ac.in.Noorul Islam College of Engineering, Kumaracoil, Thuckalay - 629 175, affiliated to Anna University (www.niceindia.com) , offers ME Communication Systems for BE/B.Tech. holders of Electronics and Communication Engineering.National Institute of Industrial Engineering ( NITIE), Mumbai - 400 087 (www.nitie.edu) , conducts a Postgraduate Diploma in Industrial Engineering (PGDIE). This two-year programme trains industrial Engineers as Technology management experts for both manufacturing and service sectors. PSG College of Technology, Peelamedu, Coimbatore - 641 004, (www.psgtech.edu) , conducts ME/M.Tech. programmes in Communication Systems; VLSI Design.SRM Institute of Science and technology (Deemed University), SRM Nagar, Kattankulathur, Kancheepuram District - 603 203 (www.srmuniv.ac.in) , conducts M.Tech. Embedded Systems Technology, VLSI Design, Communication Systems, which are suitable higher-study options for graduates in electronics and communications.International Institute of Information Technology (Deemed University), Hyderabad- 500 032 (AP) (www.iiit.ac.in) , offers M.Tech. in VLSI and Embedded Systems as well as other higher-study options in the same discipline. MS Ramaiah School of Advanced Studies, MSR Nagar, Bangalore - 560 054 (www.msrsas.org) , conducts a six-month advance training programmes in mobile and wireless communication, digital signal and image processing, embedded system design, automotive electronics, M-CAD, software engineering, VLSI system design, etc. for fresh engineering graduates.