Gopakumar Karakonam
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I am a second year B.Sc. Physics student. I would like to know more about the higher study options in the discipline, study facilities and selection criteria.



Physics graduates who aspire to become scientists should do the M.Sc. programme in the discipline or related specialised subjects or branches and then take a Ph.D. Astrophysics or Astronomy, Nuclear Physics, Geophysics, Applied Geophysics, Solid State Physics, Space Physics, Electronics and Meteorology are among the specialised subjects.

The Indian Institutes of Technology (IITs), Delhi, Bombay, Guwahati, Hyderabad, Madras, Kanpur, Indore and Roorkee, offers M.Sc.-level programmes in Physics. The IITs, Bombay and Kanpur, conduct M.Sc.- Ph.D. dual-degree programmes.

IIT Bombay offers M.Sc. Physics and M.Tech. Material Sciences courses with specialisation in Nanosciences and Technology. The institute offers M.Sc. and M.Sc.-Ph.D. dual-degree programmes in Applied Geophysics.

IIT Roorkee conducts an M.Tech. course in Geophysical Technology.

The Indian Institute of Science (IISc), Bangalore, offers excellent study facilities to do an integrated Ph.D. programme in Physical Sciences.

Selection to these programmes at the IITs and IISc is through the Joint Admission Test (JAM). Thiruvananthapuram, Ernakulam and Kozhikode are test centres.

Physics graduates with at least 55 per cent marks in aggregate can take the test. However, for admission to the integrated Ph.D. programme at the IISc, a first class (60 per cent marks) is required. Visit for details.

The S.N. Bose National Centre for Basic Sciences, Kolkata, conducts a post- B.Sc. integrated M.Sc.-Ph.D. programme in Physical Sciences. Physics graduates with at least 55 per cent marks are eligible for admission. Visit for details.

The Saha Institute of Nuclear physics, Kolkata, offers undergraduate associateship in Biophysical Sciences. The students may be absorbed as research fellows depending on their academic performance (


The Indian Institute of Astrophysics, Bangalore, under the Department of Science and Technology of the Union government, offers a residential integrated M.Sc.-Ph.D. programme for Physics graduates. Selection is through a national-level screening test. During the first two years, students get a scholarship of Rs. 10,000 a month, hostel accommodation, free medical treatment, annual grants for books and so on. The course content of the M.Sc. part includes Fundamentals of Astrophysics, Astronomical Techniques, Nuclear and Particle Physics and Atomic and Molecular Physics. From the third year, after M.Sc., students can do research leading to a Ph.D. They get scholarship or fellowship of Rs. 16,000- to Rs. 18,000 a month.

Those with an M.Sc. degree in Physics may do the integrated M.Tech.-Ph.D. programme in Astronomical Instrumentation at the institute. The studentship is Rs. 16,000 a month for the first two years. From the third year, a fellowship of Rs. 18,000-20,000 is paid for research leading to a Ph.D. The institute offers a full-time Ph.D. programme in Astrophysics and Astronomy with a fellowship of Rs. 16,000 to Rs. 18,000 a month. Visit for details.

The Indian Institute of Science Education and Research (IISER), Kolkata, offers post-Bachelor’s integrated Ph.D. programmes in Physical Sciences. Graduates in Physics with minimum 60 per cent marks are eligible for admission. Selection is on the basis of a written test and an interview. Visit for details. IISER, Thiruvananthapuram, offers integrated Ph.D. programmes for those with a first-class B.Sc. degree. Visit for details.


The Tata Institute of Fundamental Research, Mumbai, offers an integrated Ph.D. programme in Physics at its Mumbai, Hyderabad and Pune centres for Physics graduates. Selection is through a national-level entrance test and interview. Test centres include Kochi, Chennai, Bangalore, Mumbai and Delhi. The selected students will get a stipend of Rs. 16,000 a month. Visit for details.

The Tata Institute of Fundamental Research, Mumbai; the Institute of Physics, Bhubaneswar, and the Nuclear Science Centre, New Delhi, provide facilities for research leading to a Ph.D.

The Bhabha Atomic Research Centre provides research facilities and opportunities to build a career in the atomic and nuclear fields.

The Indian Institute of Astrophysics, Bangalore; the Harish Chandra Research Institute, Allahabad; the Inter University centre of Astronomy and Astrophysics, Pune; the National Centre for Radio Astrophysics, TIFR, Pune, and the Physical Research Laboratory, Ahmedabad, are some of the major research institutes offering Ph.D. programmes in Astrophysics or Astronomy.

Those who have obtained a Master’s degree can appear for the Joint Entrance Screening Test (JEST) for admission to Ph.D. programmes offered by leading research institutes in India.

The Council of Scientific and Industrial Research (CSIR) and the University Grants Commission (UGC) conduct the National Eligibility Test for Junior Research Fellowship and Lectureship. Those with a Master’s degree in Science subjects, including Physics, with minimum 55 per cent marks can appear for the test. Those with an M.Sc. degree in Physics with at least 60 per cent marks in the Graduate Aptitude Test in Engineering (GATE) can seek admission to the M.Tech. course in disciplines such as Atmospheric Sciences.


Meteorology is an interdisciplinary science which studies the earth’s atmosphere that influences weather conditions.

Therefore, Meteorology is mainly concerned with the study of weather and weather forecasting. Atmospheric Science is a combination of Meteorology and other branches of Physical Science involved in studying the atmosphere.

Meteorology and Atmospheric Science courses are generally conducted at the M.Sc. and the M.Tech. levels.

In Kerala, the Department of Atmospheric Science of the Cochin University of Science and Technology offers an M.Sc. course in Meteorology and an M.Tech. course in Atmospheric Science.

Gopakumar Karakonam



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