Aiming for Defence services

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GO FOR IT: Life in the Army can be exciting
GO FOR IT: Life in the Army can be exciting

I am an agriculture engineer. Please give me details about the required eligibility, time of notification and other related information about the Combined Defence Services Examination.

Muthu Rajan

via Email, Bangalore

The UPSC conducts the Combined Defence Services Examination (CDSE) twice every year for the recruitment of officers in Army, Air Force and Navy. Candidates qualifying in the written test are interviewed by the Service Selection Board (SSB) in different parts of the country and if selected at the SSB, depending upon the preference and position in the merit list, are sent to one of the following institutes for orientation training:

Indian Military Academy (IMA), Dehra Dun

Naval Academy, Goa

Air Force Academy, Begumpet, Hyderabad

Officers Training Academy (OTA), Chennai

Those joining the first three institutes get permanent commissions. However, cadets passing out of OTA get a short service commission.

Applicants are required to mention their preferences while filling up the application forms based on qualifications.

Applicants for IMA, Naval Academy and Air Force Academy must be unmarried men in the age group 18-23 years, 20-23 years and 21-23 years, as on July 1 of the year of examination, respectively.

Married applicants in the age group of 18-24 years are also eligible for OTA. A bachelor’s degree in any discipline is the minimum qualification for appearing in CDSE. However, applicants for Naval Academy must have physics and mathematics at the graduation level or a bachelor’s degree in engineering. In addition, there are some prescribed physical standards for taking the CDS examination, details of which are available in the advertisement published in Employment News.

The examination includes a written test, and those who qualify in it are called for interview by the Services Selection Board. The written test comprises three papers: English, general knowledge and elementary mathematics. However, those seeking admission in OTA are exempted from taking the paper on elementary mathematics.

Various concessions, like reservation in posts, are available for NCC cadets appearing in the exam.

The exam is notified by UPSC in leading newspapers and Employment News in the month of May/June and November/ December and the examination is held twice in May and October.

A candidate seeking admission to the examination must apply to the Secretary, UPSC, New Delhi, in the prescribed application form.

The application forms are available from designated post offices throughout the country. The examination is held in over 40 centres.

UGC-JRF exam

Please provide information on the UGC-JRF examination. I want to write the test for Management and Business Studies/Administration. I have been preparing for about five months now. What should I do in order to clear the coveted examination?

Shankar Vittal

via Email Bangalore

The National Educational Testing Bureau of the University Grants Commission (UGC) conducts the National Eligibility Test (NET) to determine eligibility for lectureship and for award of Junior Research Fellowship (JRF) for Indian nationals in order to ensure minimum standards for the entrants in the teaching profession and research.

The test is conducted in Humanities (including languages), Social Sciences, Forensic Science, Environmental Sciences, Computer Science and Applications and Electronic Science. NET has now become compulsory for anyone who wants to teach at the college level in India.

Getting the NET certificate may seem as an elusive dream for many and has been considered as an examination that tests the thinking power of the candidates and ability to apply what has been learnt over a period of time, but a little bit of preparation may turn it into reality. We have tried to compile a list of tips which might help you succeed.

To attempt at the examination you should assess the syllabi that has been provided by the UGC. You would by now have realised that the Management curriculum encompasses within itself Human Resources, Finance, Marketing, Production Management, Statistics, Business Economics, and Corporate Strategy.

While attempting the questions, think out of the box and answer questions from the industry perspective and focus on the issues as it would happen in an organisation.

I have completed Plus Two (Science stream) with distinction, but for various reasons was not able to continue studies and lost out. My teachers say that I should pursue the integrated programme from the Department of Atomic Energy of Bombay University. Kindly advice if I am eligible.

Javed Ahmed

via Email Belgaum

The Integrated programmes of any university or institute help the candidates to understand the subject from all perspectives. The pioneer institutes have been Indian Institute of Science (IISc) and University of Mumbai (earlier Bombay University).

The University of Mumbai and the Department of Atomic Energy have established the Centre for Excellence in Basic Sciences which offers a five-year integrated programme in Basic Sciences. Incidentally, the first batch began in September 2007. The following is the eligibility criteria: I] Candidates should be born on or after October 1, 1982 (SC/ST have an age relaxation of 5 years)

II] Prospective candidates should have cleared the Plus Two with a minimum of 60 per cent (55 per cent for SC and ST categories)

The application form and information brochures have been made available on the following websites:

You can download the application from the above websites or write to the Chief Coordinator, NEST-2007, Homi Babha Centre for Science Education (TIFR), Mankhurd, Mumbai-400 088.

Studying at IIJT

I am interested in pursuing a career in Finance and Taxation. I have completed B.Com and intend to pursue MBA in Finance or related qualifications. Recently I heard about an organisation called IIJT which provides courses in the areas of Finance and Taxation. Please help me to get the contacts of IIJT in Bangalore.


via Email Bangalore

Indian Institute of Job Oriented Training (IIJT) ( (Email: (Address: 9, Elgin Road, First Floor, Kolkata 700 020) has been supporting students of different academic backgrounds to benefit and build careers of choice. IIJT’s Complete Business Accountant Course makes an individual ready for the finance and accountancy field which includes accountancy, taxation, excise laws, service tax laws and stock markets, which will surely catapult one into the big league.

With more than 125 study centres, IIJT can be accessed in Bangalore at IIJT (Zonal Office), 83, M.G. Road, beside Barton Center, Bangalore-560 011. Ph: 2532 2424, 2532 2626. You can also contact the study centre located in Bangalore on 93421 06821.

Those who have passed Plus Two or graduation and who have an interest in the areas of finance and accountancy can attend the programmes.


I want you to provide me information on Jawaharlal Nehru scholarships for doctoral studies. You had provided details of the same earlier, but I do not remember the issue date.

Jyoti Mallikarjuna

via Email Bangalore

The Jawaharlal Nehru Memorial Fund (JNMF) provides the Jawaharlal Nehru Scholarships for Doctoral Studies for a duration of two years for the following category of Researchers:

Indian Nationals for Ph.D. studies in India

Nationals of other Asian countries for Ph.D. studies in India

The eligibility conditions for the Researchers are as follows:

Should possess a Post-Graduate qualification with First Class

Should not be above 35 years of age

Should be a full-time Ph.D. scholar

Should have registered for Ph.D. with a university in India/institution at the time of filing the application.

The broad areas of research are as follows:

Science and Technology as an integral component of economic/social activity (includes the Philosophy of Science)

Comparative Studies in Religion and Culture

International Relations and Constitutional Studies

Indian History, Civilisation and Culture

Interface of Social Change and Economic Development

Environmental Ecology and Sustainable Development

Studies in the life and work of Pandit Nehru

The JNMF provides scholarship to the tune of Rs. 9,000 per month as tuition fee and maintenance. Rs. 12,000 per annum will be provided for contingency expenses including travel expenses.

For more information the Researchers should contact the Administrative Officer, Jawaharlal Nehru Memorial Fund, Teen Murti House, New Delhi-110 011.

Environment studies

I am a development professional and want to pursue P.G. Diploma in environment and ecology from any reputed institute in India through distance learning. Kindly help me.

Praveen Kumar K.

via Email Mysore

Indian Institute of Ecology and Environment (IIEE) (, New Delhi, an autonomous, non-profit institution constituted as a public charitable trust for teaching, research and consultancy in the areas of ecology and environment conducts the Post-Graduate Diploma in Ecology and Environment as a two-year distance education programme with examination centres all over India.

On enrolment, the Institute provides self-instructional material which will help you to integrate theory and practice. You can contact IIEE at A-15, Paryavaran Complex, Saket-IGNOU Road, New Delhi-110030. Ph: 011-29535081, 29535079. Email:





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