Fasting is third most important among five solemn duties of Muslims
Of the five solemn duties enjoined on Muslims, fasting during the month of Ramzan is the third most important one. Every Muslim observing fast must abstain from taking food and water for 30 days from day break to sunset. The main objective is to make the rich understand the sufferings of the poor and appreciate the riches blessed on them by god.
Sufi saints, the torchbearers of Islamic principles, have set a worthy example for the mankind by absolving themselves of worldly pleasures and political influences.
Sufis of different order played an important role in promoting communal amity. The dargahs or mausoleums of these saints have been a major meeting point of Muslims and non-Muslims alike and have helped in promoting communal harmony for centuries.
The month of Ramzan brings into focus once again the many miracles of Sufi saints. The celebrated Sage His Holiness Hazrath Abdul Qadir Jilani (1077-1166 AD), whose Mausoleum is situated in the city of Baghdad, the capital of Iraq, is considered the greatest Sufi saint of all times. Due to the presence of his tomb, Baghdad is considered as the headquarters of Islamic mysticism and spiritualism.
Hazrath Abdul Qadir Jilani established the first major Sufi order (Qadria order) and hence is called Pir Dastagir and Ghausul Azam. He was born on the night of the new moon of the month of Ramzan in the tiny village of Neif in Iraq. Within hours, the new born refused to suckle milk. The elders attempted to spoon feed the baby, but it continuously refused to consume anything.
Even after the Zohar (afternoon prayers), the baby refused to take any food. Though this caused much worry to the elders around, they were surprised to see the baby hale and healthy without taking any milk or even water since the break of dawn.
The worried maternal grand father Hazrath Abdul Qadir was about to break the fast in the evening, when suddenly something struck his mind. He rushed to the room where the new born and his mother were resting and recited the dua (prayer) for breaking the day long fast “Oh Allah! You have given this food. With what you have given, I break this day’s fast. Please accept the same”. Reciting the dua, the grandfather tried to soak the lips of the baby with the honey oozing out of the date fruit.
Everyone around was pleasantly surprised to see the baby with twinkling eyes licking and relishing the honey with its tender tongue. All those who witnessed this great miracle, understood that the child Abdul Qadir Jilani was fasting on the first day of Ramzan. The child understanding the importance of religious tenet of fasting observed the same on its very first day into the world.
The baby refused to take any thing in the day throughout the month. The newborn’s fasting abiding by the order of God is still considered one of the greatest miracles of the sufi movement.
The Urs (death anniversary) of the Shaikh Abdul Qadir Jilani is celebrated with religious fervour in his shrine, known as Shah-e-Baghdad (King of Baghdad) in Srinagar in Jammu and Kashmir every year.
Thousands of Muslims gather during the Urs day to have a glimpse of the relic of the greatest ever Sufi saint and offer special prayers.
Syed Muthahar Saqaf