JANUARY

Jan. 1: The world rings in New Year with a spectacular string of fireworks, with Pacific Islands being the first to usher in celebrations

A magnitude 7 earthquake rocks Japan.

Jan. 2: Kiaran Stapleton (20) is charged with the murder of Indian student Anuj Bidve in Manchester.

Jan. 8: The African National Congress celebrates centenary in a $12.3-million commemoration in Bloemfontein, South Africa.

Jan. 9: Indian-American Bobby Jindal begins second term as Louisiana Governor after winning a landslide victory in the open primary held on January 7.

Jan. 10: Daniel Ortega begins his third term as Nicaragua President.

Jan. 11: Mostafa Ahmade Roshan Behdast (32), an Iranian nuclear scientist at the Natanz uranium enrichment facility is killed in a bomb attack in Tehran.

Tata Technologies unveils the prototype of $20,000 eMO electric car at the 2012 Detroit Auto Show.

Jan. 12 : Scientists report the discovery of two more circumbinary planets — Kepler 34 b, Kepler 35 b.

Jan. 13: Former Myanmar Premier Khin Nyunt and former student activist Min Ko Naing among 650 political prisoners freed by the government.

Three persons die and several go missing after Costa Concordia, a 114,000-tonne cruise ship runs aground near the tiny Tuscan island of Giglio, Italy.

Jan. 14: Taiwan’s President Ma Ying-jeou is re-elected for a second term.

Jan. 15: George Clooney bags the Best Actor Award for his role in The Descendants and Meryl Streep the Best Actress Award for her performance as Margaret Thatcher in The Iron Lady at the 69th Golden Globe Awards at Beverly Hills, Los Angeles.

Jan. 16: Pakistan Supreme Court issues a contempt notice to Prime Minister Yousuf Raza Gilani for failure to implement order on money laundering cases against President Asif Ali Zardari.

Jan. 17: Mukkaram Khan Atif, a journalist working for the Voice of America is shot dead at a mosque near his home at Shabqadar town, 35 km from Peshawar.

Jan. 19: The American photographic film pioneer, Eastman Kodak Co, which invented the hand-held camera files for bankruptcy.

Megaupload.com, one of the world’s most popular file-sharing sites, is shut down following a federal indictment in Virginia.

Jan. 20: U.S. Congressional leaders put on hold anti-online piracy legislation following a wave of protests led by Google and Wikipedia.

Jan. 21: Nearly 178 people are killed in coordinated bomb and gun attacks by Islamist radical group Boko Haram in the Nigerian city of Kano.

Egypt’s Islamists led by the once-banned Muslim Brotherhood win two-thirds of seats in Parliament in historic polls held in three stages beginning November 2011.

Dutch teenager Laura Dekker becomes the youngest sailor to complete a solo circumnavigation of the world.

Jan. 22: Croatia votes to join the European Union in a referendum.

Jan. 23: Islamist MPs take centre stage as Egypt’s Parliament meets for the first time since the ouster of Hosni Mubarak.

Wesley Brown (104), the oldest sitting federal judge in the U.S, dies at an assisted living center in Kansas.

U.S. Staff Sergeant Frank Wuterich who led a group of American Marines involved in the killing of 24 Iraqi residents in Haditha town on November 19, 2005 gets away with a lighter sentence. .

Jan. 29: Civil rights drama The Help wins three prizes at the Screen Actors Guild awards. Jean Dujardin bags Best Male Actor award for role in The Artist . Viola Davis gets Best Female Actor award for The Help . Lifetime Achievement Award for Mary Tyler Moore.

FEBRUARY

Feb. 1: A seven-member U.K. Supreme Court bench takes up for hearing WikiLeaks founder Julian Assange’s plea against a High Court ruling that he can be extradited to Sweden.

At least 74 people are killed and hundreds wounded in a bloodbath at a football stadium in the Egyptian city of Port Said.

Social networking giant Facebook files an initial public offering which could raise as much as $10 billion.

Feb. 2: The U.S. indicts Wegelin, the oldest Swiss private bank, for enabling tax fraud by American taxpayers.

Feb. 3: Kuwait’s Islamist-led opposition wins a landslide victory in the country’s snap polls.

Feb. 4: Russia and China veto an Arab League-backed resolution at the U.N. Security Council calling on Syrian President Bashar al-Assad to step down. India along with the U.S. and 12 others back move.

At least 200 people are killed as Syrian forces unleash a barrage of mortars on the city of Homs.

Florence Green (110), the last known WWI veteran dies at her home in east England.

Feb. 6: At least 44 persons are killed as a 6.8 magnitude earthquake strikes off the coast of central Philippines.

Queen Elizabeth II celebrates 60th anniversary of her ascension to the British throne.

Feb. 7: Maldives President Mohammed Nasheed resigns in the face of a revolt by the police forces. Hands over power to Vice-President Mohammed Waheed Hassan Manik.

Feb. 8: At least 62 persons are killed by Syrian security forces in Homs city.

Feb. 10: At least 25 persons are killed and 175 injured as two huge car bombings rock Aleppo, Syria.

Jeffrey Zaslow (53) best-selling author and former columnist for The Wall Street Journal is killed after losing control of his car in Michigan.

Sudan and South Sudan sign a “treaty of non-aggression” on their disputed border in Addis Abbas.

Feb. 11: American R&B singer Whitney Houston (48) is found dead at the Beverly Hilton Hotel in California.

Feb. 12: British soul diva Adele makes a clean sweep at the Grammys winning six awards. Foo Fighters take five Grammys, including best rock song.

French film-maker Michel Hazanavicius’s black-and-white silent movie The Artist wins all the top prizes at the 65th British Academy of Film and Television Arts awards. Meryl Streep picks up the Leading Actress award for her portrayal of Margaret Thatcher in The Iron Lady .

New Maldivian Cabinet’s sworn in.

The image of Nelson Mandela to appear on South Africa’s new currency notes to mark the 22nd anniversary of the anti-apartheid icon’s release from prison, says President Jacob Zuma in Pretoria.

Turkmenistan votes in presidential polls.

Greek lawmakers approve harsh new austerity measures even as riots in cities result in injuries to 170 people. Six Cabinet members quit in protest.

Feb. 13: Jordan-born radical preacher Abu Qatada once dubbed “Europe’s Osama bin Laden” is freed by a London court after spending six-and-a-half years in jail.

Nobel laureate Amartya Sen and seven others are honoured with the 2011 National Medal of Arts and Humanities by the U.S. President Barack Obama at a White House function.

Feb. 15: Iran unveils its first domestically produced, 20 per cent enriched nuclear fuel for the Tehran Research Reactor.

At least 355 inmates are killed in a fire at a prison in Comayagua, Honduras.

Maldivian President Waheed Hassan Manik names Mohamed Waheeduddin Vice-President.

Feb. 16: Anthony Shahid (43), two-time Pulitzer Prize winning journalist (2004, 2010) and T he New York Times correspondent, known for his clear-eyed coverage of the Arab Spring, dies in eastern Syria.

Feb. 17: German President Christian Wulff resigns in a scandal over favours he received before becoming head of state.

Italian Directors Paolo Taviani and Vittorio Taviani receive the Golden Bear award for their documentary Caesar Must Die ( Cesare de morire ) at the Berlin film festival. Hungarian film Just the Wind bags the Silver Bear. Mikkel Boe Folsgaard bags Best Actor Silver Bear ( Royal Affair ). Rachel Mwanza gets Best Actress award ( War Witch ).

Former Sgt. Frank Wuterich, the lone U.S. Marine convicted in the 2005 killings of 24 unarmed Iraqi civilians in the town of Haditha is discharged from service.

Feb. 18: Somalia’s diaspora leaders sign a deal under the U.N. auspices in the northern town of Garowe.

Feb. 19: Marie Colvin of The Sunday Times , a veteran war reporter and a French photographer Remi Ochlik are killed as their house in Baba Amr, a suburb of Homs in Syria comes under bombardment.

Feb. 21 : Eurozone finance ministry seal a 130-billion-euro ($172 billion) bailout package for Greece after 13 hours of talks in Brussels.

Feb. 22: The Australian Foreign Minister Kevin Rudd resigns.

At least nine protesters are shot dead in violent protests across Afghanistan over the burning of copies of the Koran at Bagram airbase.

Researchers have found a flaw in experiment setup that led to the claim that neutrinos travelled 60 nano seconds faster-than-light.

Feb. 25: Abd-Rabbu Mansour Hadi takes oath as Yemen’s new President.

At least 98 people are killed in widespread unrest in Syria.

Feb. 26: The Artist wins five Academy Awards, including Best Actor (Dean Dujardin, the first Frenchman to win an Oscar), becoming the first silent film to win Hollywood’s highest honours since the original Oscar ceremony 83 years ago.Meryl Streep bags Best Actress Award ( The Iron Lady ) Christopher Plummer (82), becomes the oldest winner bagging award for Best Supporting Actor ( Beginners ).

Martin Scorsese’s Paris Adventure Hugo wins five Oscars, all in technical categories.

Asghar Farhadi’s domestic drama A Separation becomes the first Iranian film to win an Oscar. Pakistan documentary maker Sharmeen Obaid-Chinoy’s film on acid victims Saving Face bags for the nation its maiden Oscar.

Nepal’s Chandra Bahadur Dangi (72), who is just 21.5 inches (54.6 cm) is declared the world’s shortest living man at a ceremony in Kathmandu.

Syrians cast votes in referendum on a new Constitution.

Feb. 29: James Murdoch quits as executive chairman of News International over allegations that he tried to cover up the phone hacking scandal at the defunct News of The World.

MARCH

March 2: Iranians cast ballots in parliamentary polls.

At least 38 persons are killed and Marysville town in Kentucky is “wiped off” as tornadoes rip through central U.S.

Oil Major BP agrees to pay $7.8 billion in a deal with the claimants affected by the spill from one of its wells in the Gulf of Mexico in April 2010.

March 4: Prime Minister Vladimir Putin wins Russia’s presidential election.

At least 150 people are killed and around 1,500 injured in a series of explosions at a munitions depot in the Congolese capital of Brazzaville.

March 7: Norwegian prosecutors indict Anders Behring Breivik on terror and murder charges for slaying 77 people on July 22, 2011 in a bomb and shooting rampage.

March 9: Kiribati Cabinet gives nod for a plan to buy nearly 6,000 acres on Fiji’s main island Viti Levu to move the populace fearing climate change may wipe off the entire Pacific archipelago.

Greece persuades majority of private creditors to sign up to the biggest national debt writedown in history.

Israeli air strike kills the leader of the Popular Resistance Committees sparking a sharp cross-border exchange.

March 11: Sixteen Afghans, including nine children are killed by a rogue American solider Staff Sergeant Robert Bales who walks off his base and opens fire on houses in two villages of Panjwayi district, Kandahar.

The toll in the Israel- Palestine skirmish reaches 18 as Tel Aviv carries out four strikes.

March 13: Encyclopaedia Britannica Inc. announces that it is to cease publication of its print edition for the first time in more than 200 years.

March 15: Bo Xilai, a politburo member is removed by China’s leaders following a political scandal.

March 16: Sachin Tendulkar cracks his hundredth international hundred during the Asia Cup clash in Mirpur, Bangladesh.

March 19: A motorcycle borne gunman kills a rabbi, his two sons and another child in front of a Jewish School in the French city of Toulouse.

March 20: Hungarian mathematician Endre Szemeredi is chosen for the 2012 Abel Prize for his contributions to discrete mathematics and theoretical computer science.

March 22: India votes for a U.S-sponsored resolution against Sri Lanka at the United Nations Human Rights Council in Geneva.

Soliders oust Mali President Amadou Toumani Toure and impose nationwide curfew.

Mohamed Merah, a French ‘al-Qaeda’ gunman, the main suspect in the killing of seven persons, dies at the end of a 32-hour siege in Toulouse.

March 23: Joachim Gauck, a former East German civil rights activist is sworn in the 11th President of Germany in the Bundestag, the lower House of Parliament.

March 25: Hong Kong appoints as its Chief Executive Leung Chun-ying, a businessman with close ties to China.

Macky Sall wins Senegal’s presidential polls.

March 26: Kenyan President Mwai Kibaki announces that oil deposits have been discovered in the country’s Turkana region.

Titanic Director James Cameron returns to surface after a solo 11 km submarine dive to the bottom of the Mariana Trench in the western Pacific in his specially designed submersible the Deepsea Challenger.

March 27: The Syrian President Bashar al-Assad accepts the U.N.- Arab League Special Envoy Kofi Annan’s six-point peace plan.

Prime Minister Manmohan Singh pledges $1 million towards the IAEA’s Nuclear Security Fund for 2012-2013 in a statement to the plenary of the Nuclear Security Summit in Seoul.

March 29: Arab leaders urge a peaceful resolution to the Syrian crisis at a landmark summit in Baghdad.

March 30: Leonid Shebarshin (77) former Soviet spy master is found dead at his flat in Moscow.

APRIL

April 1: Myanmar votes in historic by-elections for 45 parliamentary seats.

April 3: A Korean–American One Goh guns down seven persons at Oikos University in Oakland, California.

James Murdoch quits as chairman of British satellite broadcaster BskyB.

April 4: Kuwait–Iraq flights to resume after 20 years.

April 5: Buford, Wyoming, billed as the smallest town in America is sold at an auction for $ 900,000 to a Vietnamese national.

April 6: Malawi’s President Bingu wa Mutharika (78) dies of a heart attack.

April 7: More than 100 people are killed in Syria crackdown on protestors.

Fang Lizhi (76), prominent Chinese dissident dies in exile in the U.S.

April 8: MS Balmoral, called the Titanic Memorial Cruise, sails from Southampton Port to mark the centenary of the sinking of the White Star liner (on April 15, 1912)

April 10: China Communist Party suspends Politburo member Bo Xilai in the aftermath of a political scandal.

April 11: Massive earthquakes strike the north Indian Ocean off Indonesia and trigger a tsunami watch. Tremors felt in many states of India.

April 15: Titanic Memorial Cruise MS Balmoral passengers re-enact the moments before the sinking of the ship in the North Atlantic.

April 16: The World Bank chooses Korean–born American health expert Jim Yong Kim as its new president.

April 20: At least 127 people are killed after a Pakistan jet crashes while trying to land at Rawalpindi.

April 21: Charles Colson (80), a Watergate scandal conspirator dies of complications from a brain haemorrhage at a hospital in Virginia.

April 22: Votes are cast in the first round of French presidential polls.

April 23: The Norwegian District Court in Stavanger announces verdict to hand over the Bhattacharya children, Abhigyan and Aishwarya to their uncle Arunabhas Bhattacharya.

April 26: Pakistan Supreme Court sentences Prime Minister Syed Yusuf Raza Gilani to imprisonment till the rising of a seven-judge Bench for contempt of court.

MAY

May 2: A U.K. Court orders extradition of Mohammed Hanif Umerji Patel, an alleged associate of Dawood Ibrahim, for his role in two cases of terror attacks in Gujarat in 1993.

The Nepal Cabinet resigns in a bid to pave the way for the formation of a national consensus government.

May 4: Massive defeat for Tories and Liberal Democrats in local polls in Britain.

May 5: Iranians cast ballots in a runoff parliamentary election.

Japan’s last operating nuclear power reactor at the Hokkaido electric power station shuts down.

May 6: Socialist Party candidate Francois Hollande wins French presidential runoff edging out incumbent Nicolas Sarkozy.

Greek voters cast ballots in parliamentary polls.

May 7: Vladimir Putin is sworn in Russian President for a third term in a glittering Kremlin ceremony overshadowed by protests against his return.

Syrians cast ballots in the first multiparty Parliament polls.

President Pratibha Patil goes to Pietermaritzburg taking the same train as Mahatma Gandhi did on June 7, 1893.

May 8: Russian Parliament confirms Dmitry Medvedev’s appointment as Prime Minister.

May 10: Fiftyfive persons are killed and over 370 wounded after two suicide car bombs rip through the Syrian capital Damascus.

Algerians cast ballots in parliamentary polls.

May 12: The U.N. adopts norms against ‘land grabbing’.

May 13: Key Afghan peace negotiator Arsalan Rahmani Daulat is shot dead in Kabul.

May 14: Thirteen Indians, including child actor Taruni Sachdev are killed in Nepal air crash.

The Dalai Lama is awarded the $1.1 million Templeton Prize at a ceremony at St. Paul’s Cathedral, London.

May 15: Francois Hollande is officially inaugurated as the seventh President of France’s Fifth Republic. Jean Marc Ayrault named Premier.

Greece abandons a nine-day hunt for a government and calls a new election.

May 16: The former Bosnian-Serb army commander Ratko Mladic indicted for war crimes goes on trial at the Yugoslav war crimes court in The Hague.

The Cannes Film Festival kicks off with quirky U.S. comedy Moonrise Kingdom .

A new Haitian government under Prime Minister Laurent Lamothe is inaugurated.

May 17: The war crimes trial of Ratko Mladic is halted.

May 19 : Visually-challenged Chinese activist Chen Guangcheng leaves for U.S. after seeking asylum in the American Mission following escape from house arrest a month ago.

Tamae Watanabe (73) of Japan scales Mount Everest in the process smashing her own record by repeating her 2002 feat.

Facebook’s billionaire co-founder Mark Zuckerberg marries long time friend Priscilla Chan at his home in Palo Alto, California.

May 20: Abdelbaset al-Megrahi, the only person convicted of the 1988 Lockerbie bombing which killed 270 people, dies at his home in Tripoli of cancer.

A strong earthquake rocks northern Italy damaging historic buildings.

May 21: The former Sri Lankan Army Chief Sarath Fonseka, is released from jail following a presidential pardon. He cannot vote or contest election for the next seven years.

May 22: U.S. company SpaceX becomes the first commercial outfit to launch its own craft towards the ISS.

May 23: Egyptians begin casting ballots in the first free presidential polls since the 1952 revolution that ended the monarchy.

India signs Turkmenistan-Afghanistan-Pakistan-India (TAPI) gas pipeline pact in Avaza,Turkmenistan.

May 24: Nepal Supreme Court stays government proposal to amend interim constitution and extend the Constituent Assembly’s term.

Indian Americans sweep the National Geographic Bee, with Rahul Nagvekar from Texas bagging the first position.

Prototype aircraft Solar Impulse takes to the skies on its first intercontinental flight, travelling from Switzerland to Morocco.

May 25: California-based SpaceX becomes the first commercial outfit to dock its own cargo capsule at the ISS.

More than 108 people, including 49 children are killed in Houla, Syria by heavily armed gunmen.

May 27: Nepal’s Constituent Assembly is dissolved and fresh polls slated for November 22.

May 28: India and Myanmar sign an MoU to operationalise a $500 million line of credit announced during President Thein Sein’s visit to New Delhi in October 2011.

May 30: A U.N.-backed war crimes court in Leidschendam near The Hague sentences former Liberian President Charles Taylor to 50 years in jail for arming rebels in Sierra Leone in return for “blood diamonds”.

Britain’s Supreme Court dismisses WikiLeaks founder Julian Assange’s appeal against extradition to Sweden.

May 31: Egypt’s decades-old state of emergency ends.

Snigdha Nandipati, an Indian-American, and eighth grade student from San Diego, California is declared the Scripps National Spelling Bee national champion for 2012.

SpaceX Dragon capsule, the world’s first commercial space cargo carrier returns to Earth ending the voyage to ISS with a splashdown in the Pacific 800 km off Mexico’s Baja California.

Briton Kiaran Stapleton admits to killing of Indian student Anuj Bidve, at the Manchester Crown Court.

JUNE

June 2: The former Egyptian President Hosni Mubarak is sentenced to lifer for his complicity in the killing of protesters during the uprising in 2011, following a 10- month trial. Sons Alaa and Gamal acquitted of corruption charges.

The British Queen’s diamond jubilee celebrations gets off to a start with ceremonial gun salutes in London.

Violence in Syria leaves 89 dead, including 57 soldiers.

June 3: Over 153 people are killed after a plane crashes into a residential building in the Nigerian capital Lagos and catches fire.

Queen’s Thames pageant in London wows a million-strong crowd.

June 5: The Queen’s diamond jubilee fete ends with a ceremonial royal carriage procession through central London.

Swiss adventurer Bertrand Piccard completes the world’s first inter continental flight in Solar Impulse, a giant solar-powered plane and lands in Rabat, Morocco after a 19-hour voyage.

At least 78 people are killed in the village of al-Qubeir near the embattled city of Hama.

June 6: Riad Hijab is named Syrian Prime Minister. Damascus allows relief to enter four cities hard hit in the anti-regime uprising.

June 8: Scores of people are feared killed in riots against Muslim Rohingyas and Rakhine Buddhists in Rakhine State, Myanmar.

June 9: The Eurozone extends a $ 125-billion bailout package for Spain.

Avtar Singh, an ex-Indian Army officer wanted in the March 1996 death of human rights lawyer Jalil Andrabi in Srinagar, shoots his wife and two children to death in their California home before committing suicide.

June 12: Elinor Ostrom (78), the first woman to win a Nobel Prize in Economics dies of cancer at the Indiana University Health Bloomington Hospital.

Israeli scientist Daniel Hillel is selected for the 2012 World Food Prize.

June 14: Egypt’s Supreme Constitutional Court dissolves the Lower House of Parliament. The Supreme Council of the Armed Forces steps in to fill the breach.

WikiLeaks founder Julian Assange loses legal battle against extradition to Sweden after the British Supreme Court dismisses appeal to reopen the case.

June 15: The former Goldman Sachs director Rajat Gupta is found guilty of insider trading by a Manhattan court after a high-profile trial that began on May 21.

Tightrope walker Nik Wallanda completes the first walk across the Niagara Falls in more than a century, from a height of 196 feet over the Horseshoe Falls, between the U.S. and Canada.

June 16: Saudi Crown Prince Nayef bin Abdul Aziz al-Saud (79), a half-brother of King Abdullah dies in Geneva.

China sends its first woman Liu Yang into space aboard the Shenzhou-9 spacecraft from the Jiuquan satellite launch centre in north-western Gansu province.

Myanmar opposition leader Aung San Suu Kyi delivers her acceptance speech for the Nobel Peace Prize she won in 1991 while under house arrest, in Oslo.

June 17: Egyptians cast ballots in presidential runoff.

Greeks cast votes in cliffhanger general elections.

France’s Socialists win control of Parliament in a runoff vote.

June 18: Saudi Arabian Defence Minister Prince Salman bin Abdul-Aziz is named the new Crown Prince.

The Unified Communist Party of Nepal (Maoist) splits and breakaway faction forms Nepal Communist Party (Maoist).

Greek conservative leader Antonis Samaras launches coalition talks after his New Democratic Party emerges top in general polls.

June 19: Pakistan Supreme Court disqualifies Yusuf Raza Gilani as Prime Minister in the wake of his conviction for contempt in April.

WikiLeaks founder Julian Assange seeks political asylum at the Ecuadorean Embassy in London.

June 20: The G-20 Declaration at Los Carlos, Mexico emphasises the need for growth, because, by itself austerity will not solve the debt problem of the Eurozone.

Antonis Samaras is sworn in Greek Prime Minister at the helm of a three-party coalition.

June 22: Raja Parvez Ashraf is elected Pakistan Prime Minister.

Paraguay’s Senate removes President Fernando Lugo after impeachment. Vice-President Federico Franco is sworn in as President.

June 24: Mohamed Morsy is declared winner of the Egyptian presidential polls.

Lonesome George, the centenarian giant tortoise is found dead at the Galapagos National Park off Ecuador’s coast.

June 25: Bangladesh decides to confer the Friends of Bangladesh Award on retired Indian Army officer Colonel Ashok Tara for his role during the 1971 war.

June 26: Pakistan orders release of Surjeet Singh arrested near the India-Pakistan border in 1981 and languishing in jail even after the end of his jail term in 2004.

A U.S. Federal Court declares that the U.S.-based Union Carbide Corporation and Warren Anderson are not liable for damage caused by the toxic wastes dumped in Bhopal, Madhya Pradesh.

June 27: An end-of-history moment is witnessed by people of Belfast, North Ireland as Queen Elizabeth II shakes hands with Deputy First Minister Martin McGuinness.

At last 149 people are killed in one of the bloodiest days in the 15-month revolt in Syria.

Barclays Bank is fined $ 453 million for alleged financial market manipulation.

June 28: The U. S. Supreme Court upholds a core provision of President Obama’s Affordable Healthcare Act.

UNESCO’s World Heritage Committee votes to include the Church of the Nativity in Bethlehem on its list of World Heritage in Danger.

June 29: Eurozone seals a dramatic deal to allow emergency measures to aid crisis-hit Italy and Spain.

Chinese woman astronaut Liu Yang and two other crew members return to earth after a 13-day mission to an orbiting module.

June 30: Yitzhak Shamir (96), the former Israeli Prime Minister, dies at a nursing home in Herzliya, Jerusalem after a long illness.

Mohamed Morsy is sworn in as Egypt’s first elected President.

Hardliner Islamists occupying northern Mali go on the rampage in Timbuktu destroying ancient tombs of Muslim saints.

JULY

July 1: Mexicans cast votes in presidential polls.

Leung Chun-ying is sworn in as Hong Kong’s third Chief Executive.

The Western Ghats is included in the World Heritage List at a meeting of the World Heritage Committee in St. Petersburg, Russia.

July 2: Barclays Chairman Marcus Agius resigns over LIBOR row.

July 4: Scientists at the European Centre for Nuclear Research (CERN) in Meyrin, Geneva, announce the discovery of a new subatomic particle “consistent” with the long sought Higgs boson.

July 5: The U.K. bans Indian Mujahideen following a unanimous vote in the House of Commons.

The Fukushima nuclear accident in Japan in 2011 a manmade disaster, says a parliamentary probe.

July 6: Romanian President Traian Basescu is suspended by Parliament.

July 7: Libyans cast ballots to elect a National Assembly.

July 8: Egyptian President Mohamed Morsy orders reinstatement of Parliament.

July 9: Aung San Suu Kyi attends Parliament as a lawmaker for the first time. She took oath in May.

July 12: Syrian government troops massacre more than 150 people in Treimsa village.

The U.S. imposes additional sanctions on Iran.

July 15: Indian-American astronaut Sunita Williams, along with two colleagues, takes off for a second space odyssey on a Russian Soyuz rocket from the Baikonur Cosmodrome in Kazakhstan.

South Africa’s Home Affairs Minister Nkosazana Dlamini-Zuma is elected the first woman head of the African Union in Addis Ababa.

July 17: Britain admits at the London High Court that its colonial forces in Kenya tortured Mau Mau rebels in the 1950s and 1960s.

July 20: James Eagan Holmes, a masked gunman kills 12 persons at a midnight premiere of The Dark Knight Rises at a mall in Aurora, a suburb of Denver, Colorado.

Euro nations seal a $ 122 billion bail-out deal for Spanish banks.

July 21: Rajkeshwur Purryag takes oath as the fifth President of Mauritius.

At least 37 persons are killed and more than 50,000 displaced after the heaviest rain in 61 years pummels the Chinese capital Beijing.

July 22: Using cells from rat hearts and a seer polymer film, scientists create an artificial jellyfish.

July 24: The Ghana President John Evans Fifii Atta Mills (68) dies in a hospital in the capital Accra.

July 25: Kulandei Francis of Tamil Nadu known for pioneering community initiatives is among this year’s six winners of Ramon Magsaysay Award.

July 26: Kiaran Stapleton is convicted of killing Indian student Anuj Bidve in Salford, Manchester on December 26, 2011.

Gu Kailai, wife of purged Chinese Politburo member Bo Xilai is charged with the murder of British businessman Neil Heywood.

July 27: Kiaran Stapleton gets jail for lifer for the killing of Anuj Bidve.

July 28: Queen Elizabeth II declares open the 30th Olympic Games in London.

At least 168 people are killed in clashes across Syria.

July 30: Romanian President Traian Basescu escapes impeachment after referendum fails to muster enough support.

July 31: Venezuela becomes member of South America’s biggest trade bloc Mercosur.

AUGUST

Aug. 1: Somalia’s Constituent Assembly endorses draft statute.

Aug. 2: The United Nations-Arab League peace envoy to Syria, Kofi Annan announces resignation.

Aug. 3: Pakistan Supreme Court strikes down contempt law intended to protect Prime Minister.

The U.N. General Assembly adopts a resolution condemning Syrian violence.

Former Fiji Prime Minister Laisenia Qarase is jailed for corruption.

Over 138 skydivers form a massive snowflake formation over Ottawa, Illinois, setting a world record in vertical skydiving.

Aug. 4: The Afghan Parliament votes to dismiss Defence Minister Abdul Rahim Wardak and Interior Minister Bismillah Mohammadi charged with inept handling of cross-border shelling by Pakistan.

South Sudan and Sudan hammer out a deal over oil.

Aug. 5: Six persons are shot dead by Wade Michel Page, a U.S. Army veteran at a Gurdwara in Oak Creek, a suburb of Milwaukee, Wisconsin. The killer dies of a self-inflicted gunshot.

Syrian Prime Minister Riad Hijab joins the anti-regime revolt and reaches Jordan.

Aug. 6: Curiosity, the NASA’s $2.5 billion nuclear-powered robot lands on Mars and beams first image.

Aug. 9: Wael al-Halqi is appointed Syrian Prime Minister.

Aug. 11: At least 306 people are killed and 2,500 injured after two earthquakes rock north-western Iran.

Aug. 12: The Egyptian President Mohammed Morsy orders the retirement of Defence Minister Field Marshal Hussein Tantawi and Army Chief of Staff Sami Anan.

Aug. 13: Australia’s Lower House clears bill to allow the transfer of boat people seeking asylum to Pacific states.

Aug. 15: At least 172 people are killed across Syria, including in air strike in the northern town of Aazaz.

Aug. 16: Ecuador grants political asylum to WikiLeaks founder Julian Assange.

The OIC summit in Dubai suspends Syria from the 57-nation grouping.

Aug. 17: Quadruple amputee Philippe Croizon swims between islands in the icy Bering Strait to cross from America to Asia.

Rimsha Masih (11) a Down’s Syndrome afflicted Pakistani Christian girl is arrested on charges of blasphemy.

Aug. 18: China’s Wen Xia Yu (23), is crowned Miss World 2012 at a glittering ceremony in the Chinese city of Ordos.

Aug. 19: Prominent Hollywood film director Tony Scott (68), whose signature works included Top Gun jumps to his death from a bridge in San Pedro, California.

The United Nations winds up mission in Syria.

Aug. 20: Gu Kailai, wife of the purged former politburo member, Bo Xilai is awarded a suspended death sentence for the murder of British businessman Neil Heywood.

Meles Zenawi (57), Ethiopia’s Prime Minister since 1995 dies after a protracted battle in a hospital in Brussels.

Aug. 21: Romania’s Constitutional Court puts President Traian Basescu back in office after declaring a referendum to impeach him invalid.

Aug. 24: Cyclist Lance Armstrong is stripped of his record seven Tour de France titles and banned from the sport for life by the U.S. Anti-Doping Agency for use of banned substances.

A Norwegian court deems Anders Behring Breivik, the man behind the July 22, 2011 massacre of 77 people, sane and hands down maximum jail term.

Aug. 25: Neil Alden Armstrong (82), first man on the moon, (July 20, 1969) dies of “complications resulting from cardiovascular procedures”.

Aug. 27: The first recorded human voice that travelled from Earth to Mars and then back to Earth is released at NASA’s Jet Propulsion Laboratory in Pasadena, California.

Aug. 30: The Syrian crisis should be resolved through an inclusive political process led by Damascus, says the Prime Minister Manmohan Singh inaugurating the XIV Non-Aligned Movement summit in Tehran.

Aug. 31: Kulandei Francis of India and five others receive the Ramon Magsaysay awards from the Philippine President Benigno Aquino III at a function in Manila.

Angolans cast ballots in the country’s third elections since independence in 1975.

SEPTEMBER

Sept. 4: Quebec’s separatist Parti Quebecois wins the provincial election in the Canadian province. Pauline Marois elected first woman Premier.

Sept. 6: Sunita Williams sets the record for total cumulative spacewalk time by a woman astronaut with her sixth spacewalk.

Sept. 7: Sixtyfour persons are killed and more than 700 injured in an earthquake in south-western China’s Yunnan and Guizhou provinces.

Pakistan Christian girl Rimsha Masih is granted bail 22 days after being held allegedly for burning pages of the Koran.

Sept. 8: Ex-Beatle Paul McCartney is presented the French Legion of Honour by the President Francois Hollande.

South Korean director Kim Ki-duk’s drama Pieta wins the Golden Lion for best film at the 69th Venice Film Festival. The Silver Lion for best director is bagged by Paul Thomas Anderson for The Master .

Sept. 11: The U.S. Ambassador to Libya Christopher Stevens and three other embassy staff are killed in an armed mob attack in Benghazi on the 11th anniversary of 9/11.

At least 290 people are killed in a fire at a garment factory in Karachi, Pakistan.

Sept. 12: Dutch voters overwhelmingly vote to power the ruling Liberals in parliamentary polls, the fifth in just over a decade.

Sept. 13: Boxing champ Muhammad Ali is presented the Liberty Medal for his long-time role as a heavyweight for civil rights at a function in Philadelphia.

Sept. 19: Space shuttle Endeavour leaves its Florida home port heading to the California Science Centre in Los Angeles to begin a new mission as a museum exhibit.

Myanmar leader Aung San Suu Kyi is presented with the Congressional Gold Medal at a function at the U.S. Capitol in Washington.

Sept. 20: A “speech jammer’’ created by two Japanese researchers wins the 2012 Ig Noble Acoustics Prize.

Sept. 25: China unveils its first aircraft carrier, the 300 metre-long Liaoning in the port city of Dalian.

Sept. 27: The Presidents of Sudan and South Sudan sign pacts to implement a demilitarised zone after a five-day summit in the Ethiopian capital Addis Ababa.

Afghan human rights activist and former Minister Sima Samar wins the Swedish Right Livelihood Award.

Sept. 28: Suspended Politburo member Bo Xilai is expelled from the Communist Party of China for having “seriously violated party disciplines”.

Sept. 29: GSAT-10, India’s 3.4-tonne spacecraft is launched from the Kourou launch pad in French Guiana in South America.

Shadman Chowk in Lahore is renamed Bhagat Singh Chowk.

Sept. 30: Lt. Gen. (Retd.) Kuldeep Singh Brar, who led the Operation Blue Star in 1984 is stabbed near a hotel in Central London.

OCTOBER

Oct. 1: The Opposition Georgian Dream coalition led by billionaire businessman Bidzina Ivanishvili wins 70 per cent votes in Parliamentary polls.

Oct. 5: Australia unveils the Colossal SKA Pathfinder radio telescope at the remote Murchison Radio-astronomy Observatory in the western Australian desert.

Oct. 7: Kuwait Emir Sheikh Sabah al-Sabah issues a decree dissolving the 2009 Parliament, just over three months since its reinstatement by the constitutional court.

Venezuelan President Hugo Chavez wins yet another re-election, the third in nearly 14 years in office.

Oct. 8: Briton John Gurdon and Shinya Yamanaka of Japan are awarded the 2012 Nobel Prize for Medicine for the discovery that adult cells can be transformed back into embryonic stem cells.

Former Maldivian President Mohammed Nasheed is arrested and taken to Male.

Oct. 9: Malala Yousafzai, the 14- year-old peace activist who became the ‘Voice of girls in Swat,’ Pakistan, is shot at and seriously injured by the Tehreek-e-Taliban Pakistan while returning from school in Mingora.

Former Maldivian President Mohammed Nasheed is freed after being produced at a criminal court in Male.

Frenchman Serge Haroche and American David Wineland are awarded the 2012 Physics Nobel Prize for inventing methods to observe the bizarre properties of the quantum world.

Oct. 10: Russia, Iraq resume military-technical cooperation.

Robert J. Lefkowitz and Brian K. Kobilka are awarded the 2012 Nobel Prize in Chemistry for having mapped how a family of receptors called G-protein-coupled receptors work.

Oct. 11: The U.N.’s first International Day of the Girl Child is observed worldwide.

Mo Yan becomes the first writer in China to be awarded the Nobel Prize in Literature.

Oct. 12: The European Union wins the Nobel Peace Prize for fostering peace in the continent after World War II.

Oct. 13: The 77,000 kg space shuttle Endeavour begins final mission to the California Science Center to be the central piece of a new exhibit.

Oct. 14: Austrian Skydiver Felix Baumgartner breaks the sound barrier and achieves the fastest free fall speed, falling at 1,137 kmph from an altitude of 128,097 feet after liftoff from Roswell, New Mexico.

Oct. 15: American scholars Alvin E. Roth and Lloyd Shapley are awarded the Nobel Economics prize for their ‘match-making’ theory.

The British and Scottish governments sign a historic deal that will allow Scotland to hold an independence referendum.

Nkosazana Dlamini-Zuma takes office as the first woman chief of the African Union in Addis Ababa.

Oct. 16: Vikram Pandit, Indian-American head of Citigroup steps down as CEO.

Hilary Mantel wins this year’s £50,000 Man Booker Prize for her historical novel Bring Up The Bodies , thus becoming the first-ever woman and the first living British novelist to win the award twice.

Oct. 18: Newsweek announces decision to end an 80 -year run as a print magazine at the year-end and go all-digital.

Oct. 20: Palestinians in the West Bank cast ballots in local elections for their first vote since 2006.

Oct. 21: Kateri Tekakwitha, known as “Lily of Mohawks” becomes the first American Indian to be conferred sainthood.

Meher Din (90), popularly known as ‘Uncle Pakistan’ for his regular presence at the flag-lowering ceremony at Wagah border dies.

Oct. 22: Lance Armstrong is stripped of his seven Tour de France titles and banned for life by the International Cycling Union for leading a massive doping programme on his teams.

Oct. 24: Mali is readmitted into the African Union after a meeting of the A.U. Peace and Security Council.

Rajat Gupta, former Goldman Sachs Director and Mckinsey and Company Managing Partner, convicted of passing on confidential information to jailed hedge fund boss Raj Rajaratnam receives a two- year jail term and a fine of $5 million.

Oct. 25: WikiLeaks begins releasing ‘classified files’ detailing policies for dealing with detenus in U.S. military prisons.

Oct. 26: China expels disgraced Politburo member Bo Xilai from the National People’s Congress or Parliament.

Oct. 28: Savita Halappanavar, a young dentist of Indian origin dies from septicaemia after doctors at University Hospital Galway in Dublin, Ireland refuse to perform an abortion, citing the country’s strict anti-abortion law.

Oct. 29: Seventeen persons are killed as Hurricane Sandy makes landfall in New Jersey . Emergencies declared in six states.

Oct. 30: New York takes most of the pounding as Hurricane Sandy wreaks havoc on the U.S. east coast.

Oct. 31: Decision to rename Lahore’s Shadman Chowk after freedom fighter Bhagat Singh put on hold.

NOVEMBER

Nov. 5: Hearing in the March 11 massacre in Afghanistan involving U.S. soldier staff sergeant Robert Bales that left 16 dead begins at Joint Base Lewis-Mcchord in Washington.

Nov. 6: An impeachment motion is lodged in Parliament against the Sri Lankan Chief Justice Shirani Bandaranayake.

Nov. 7: Barack Obama wins a second term as U.S. President. Republicans succeed in holding its grip on the House of Representatives. Democrats retain majority in the Senate.

Dr.Ami Bera becomes only the third Indian-American ever to be elected to the House of Representatives after winning in California.

Shanthi Gandhi, a great-grandson of Mahatma Gandhi is elected to the Kansas House of Representatives.

Nov. 9: David Petraeus, quits as the CIA Director over an extramarital affair with his biographer Paula Broadwell.

Nov. 10: World observes ‘Global Action Day for Malala Yousafzai. Pakistan government launches a programme to educate three million children, especially girls.

Nov. 11: BBC director-general George Entwistle is forced to resign over his handling of a report falsely implicating a former advisor to the former Prime Minister Margaret Thatcher, in a child abuse scandal.

Nov. 14: An Israeli airstrike on a moving car in Gaza leaves Hamas commander Ahmed al-Jaabri dead.

The Communist Party of China selects a new Central Committee, marking the end of Hu Jintao’s 10-year term as General Secretary.

Nov. 15: Xi Jinping is named General Secretary of the Communist Party of China at a meeting of the 18th Central Committee. Li Keqiang is set to take over as Premier at the March Parliament session.

British Petroleum ‘agrees’ to pay between three and five billion U.S. dollars, thought to be the largest in U.S. history over criminal charges related to the 2010 Deepwater Horizon disaster.

Nov. 16: Japanese Prime Minister Yoshihiko Noda dissolves the Lower House of Parliament and elections are set for December 16.

The Lahore High Court bans authorities from going ahead with renaming Shadman Chowk after Bhagat Singh.

Nov. 17: At least 47 nursery school children are killed after a train smashes into their bus at a railway crossing in Manfalut near Assuit in Egypt.

Protesters take out a ‘Never Again’ march in the Irish capital Dublin and hold a candlelight vigil outside the Parliament in memory of Savita Halappanavar.

Nov. 19: Ready to expand FTA with ASEAN, says the Prime Minister Manmohan Singh at the 10th ASEAN-India summit at Peace Place in Phnom Penh, Cambodia.

Nov. 20: The Genral Synod of the Church Of England rejects by a narrow vote a proposal to appoint women bishops.

Nov. 21: Israel and Hamas agree on a truce ending a week of violence in and around Gaza Strip that killed 150 people.

Nov. 22: The Egyptian President Mohamed Morsy arms himself with sweeping powers through a constitutional decree.

Tony Hall, chief executive of the Royal Opera House is appointed the BBC’s Director-General.

Nov. 23: Ernest Bai Koroma is sworn in Sierra Leone President after his convincing reelection victory.

Nov. 25: China successfully conducts landing exercises on its first aircraft carrier the Liaoning.

Nov. 26 : Eurozone Finance Ministers and the IMF clinch an agreement to reduce Greece’s debts after 12 hours of talks in Brussels.

Catalonia’s fight for statehood and a historic divorce from Spain flounders.

Nov. 27: Iconic Palestinian leader Yasser Arafat’s remains are exhumed in Ramallah eight years after his death at a French military hospital to determine whether he was poisoned.

Nov. 29: The U.N. General Assembly resoundingly votes making Palestine a non-member observer state - on same day as partition of Holy Land in 1947.

DECEMBER

Dec. 2: Kuwait elects new parliament under the new one-vote system, the voting for which was held a day earlier.

Dec. 3: The High Court of Singapore stays the termination order served by the Maldives Government on GMR Male International Airport Ltd. to exit from the airport project.

Dec. 4: Chandrasekhar Vallabhaneni, an Indian software professional and his wife Anupama are jailed for 18 months and 15 months by the Oslo District Court for ‘’serious child abuse.’’

Typhoon Bopha leaves over 600 dead in the Philippines.

Former Goldman Sachs Group Inc. board member Rajat Gupta can remain free on bail while he appeals his insider-trading conviction, rules an appeals court in New York.

Dec. 6: Maldives can take back Ibrahim Nasir International Airport from GMR, says the Singapore Court of Appeal.

Dec. 7: Jacintha Saldanha, an Indian-origin nurse of King Edward VII hospital in London is found dead in her British home two days after a prank call by two Australian DJs led to revelation of medical details of Duchess of Cambridge Kate William.

Dec. 8: The U.N. meet on climate change in Doha passes a package of pacts to extend the life of the Kyoto Protocol.

Venezuelan President Hugo Chavez admits to relapse of cancer and designates Vice-President Nicolas Maduro as his heir apparent.

Egyptian President Mohammed Morsy annuls his November 22 decree.

Dec. 9: Incumbent President John Dramani Mahama is declared the winner of Ghana’s presidential polls.

Dec. 10: Pakistan President Asif Ali Zardari announces the” Malala Fund for Girls’ Right to Education”, a $10- million donation for a global war chest.

The Norwegian Nobel Prize Committee honours the European Union with Peace Prize for 2012. Chinese novelist Mo Yan is presented the Nobel Literature Prize.

Victoria Ponta is reappointed Romania’s Prime Minister after the leftist’s Social Liberation Union wins up to 60 per cent of votes in parliamentary polls held a day earlier.

Dec. 11: Stephen Hawking wins a $3 million Special Fundamental Physics Prize for a lifetime of achievements, the most lucrative science prize ever established.

Soldiers arrest Mali’s Prime Minister Chiekh Modibo Diarra and force him to resign.

Pandit Ravi Shankar (92), renowned sitar maestro, dies in a hospital in San Diego, the U.S.

Dec. 12: North Korea launches a three-stage weather forecast rocket from its Sohae Space Centre.

Dec. 13: CIA “tortured and sodomised” terror suspect Khaled el-Masri, a German of Lebanese origin, rules the Grand Chamber of the European Court of Human Rights.

Dec. 14: Twentysix persons, including 20 children are killed as Adam Lanza goes on a shooting spree at the Sandy Hook Elementary School in Newtown, Connecticut, before turning the gun on himself.

Envoys from 89 nations sign the first new U.N. telecommunications treaty, since the Internet age, in Dubai. Fiftyfive do not sign, including the U.S. led bloc of more than 20 nations.

Israeli Foreign Minister Avigdor Lieberman resigns, a day after an indictment for breach of trust is filed against him.

NASA’s Gravity Recovery and Interior Laboratory ends mission with a well orchestrated crash on Moon.

Dec. 15: Egyptians cast votes in phase I of the constitutional referendum.

Dec. 16: Security forces five terrorists, part of a team involved in the Peshawar Airport attack after a fierce gun battle. Five others had died in the initial attack.

Japan’s Opposition Liberal Democratic Party led by Shinzo Abe sweeps to victory in the National polls.

Dec. 17: The Liberal Democratic Party and its junior coalition New Komeito secure two-third majority in the Japanese Lower House.

Dec. 18: Queen Elizabeth II scripts history by attending a Cabinet meeting at 10, Downing Street, becoming the first British monarch since 1781 to do so. Part of Antarctica to be named Queen Elizabeth land.

The Irish government announces it will bring in law to allow for abortion in cases where the mother’s life is found to be at risk.

Dec. 19: Park Geun-hye is elected South Korea’s first woman President.

Swiss bank UBS admits to fraud and accepts a $1.5 billion fine for role in manipulating global benchmark interest rates.

Olivia Culpo of Rhode Island is crowned Miss Universe 2012 at a function in Las Vegas, Nevada.

The U.S. President Barack Obama is named Time Person of The Year.

Dec. 21: Four persons are killed and many police officers injured in a shooting spree in Frankstown Township, Pennsylvania. Gunman among dead.

U.S. President Barack Obama nominates Senator John Kerry to replace Hillary Clinton as Secretary of State.

The Philippines President Benigno Aquino III signs into law contraception bill.

Dec. 22: Egyptians cast votes in the second phase on the referendum on a constitutional draft. Vice-President Mahmoud Mekki resigns.

Italy’s President Giorgio Napolitano dissolves Parliament a day after Prime Minister Mario Monti’s resignation.

Dec. 24: The U.N. General Assembly votes to restart debate on a global arms treaty.

The final Newsweek magazine hits the newsstands with an iconic hashtag as a symbol of its Twitter-era transition to an all-digital format.

Dec. 26: The Egyptian President Mohamed Morsy signs new constitution into law.

Shinzo Abe is sworn in Japanese Prime Minister.

China launches services on the world’s longest high-speed rail route.

Dec. 28: The U.S. Congress nod for bill extending surveillance law ambit.

The French constitutional court rejects President Hollande’s 75 per cent IT for high earners as unfair.

Dec. 30: The Israeli Justice Ministry files indictment of former Foreign Minister Avigdor Lieberman.