There are nearly 15 million farmers (‘Main’ cultivators) fewer than there were in 1991. Over 7.7 million less since 2001, as the latest Census data show. On average, that’s about 2,035 farmers losing ‘Main Cultivator’ status every single day for the last 20 years . And in a time of jobless growth, they’ve had few places to go beyond the lowest, menial ends of the service sector.
A December 2012 report of the Institute of Applied Manpower Research (IAMR) - a part of the Planning Commission - puts it this way: “employment in total and in non-agricultural sectors has not been growing. This jobless growth in recent years has been accompanied by growth in casualization and informalization.” It speaks of an “an absolute shift in workers from agriculture of 15 million to services and industry.” But many within the sector also likely moved from farmer to agricultural labourer status. Swelling the agrarian underclass.
So how many farmers do we have?
Census 2011 tells us we now have 95.8 million cultivators for whom farming is their main occupation. That’s less than eight per cent of the population. (Down from 103 million in 2001 and 110 million in 1991). Include all marginal cultivators (22.8 million) and that is still less than 10 per cent of the population.
Even if you count together all cultivators...
(Continued on Op-Ed Page…)