Getting up half an hour early to scrape ice off your car’s windscreen will soon be a thing of the past, thanks to a team of German researchers who have come up with ice-resistant glass.
The car window glass, which also does not fog up, was developed by scientists at the Fraunhofer Institute for Surface Technology (IST) in Braunschweig along with researchers for Volkswagen and Audi.
Unlike heated windows, the new windows are based on a physical principle that does not allow an ice layer to form in the first place — even at temperatures as low as minus 18 Celsius.
The secret of the innovation lies in a wafer—thin transparent coating of indium tin oxide that is applied to the window.
“We call this a ‘Low—E’ (low thermal emissivity) coating. Applied to the outer glazing, it prevents heat from radiating skyward. We are proud of this innovation and will promote it throughout the VW Group.
That is because an ice—free window is an added convenience to our customers,” explained Thomas Drescher of Volkswagen Development.
The conductive “Low—E coating” protects the glass from cooling, so that water on the outer surface does not condense or freeze. No ice film is formed, because radiative heat loss to the cold sky is minimised and this prevents or delays cooling of the glass surface to below the dew point.
Of course, weather conditions such as cloudiness, relative humidity and wind also play a significant role and affect the windows’ condensation behaviour.
“The ‘Low—E coating’ cannot prevent ice formation or condensation entirely, but it can significantly reduce the likelihood of it happening,” said Mr. Drescher in a news statement.
One drawback in the current development stage is that the new coating limits radio traffic in the automobile. This can impair radio and mobile phone reception.
Mr. Drescher says, “It will take some time before the ice-free car windscreen is market-ready, but we are working intensively toward this goal. The bottom line is that for the Volkswagen Group, the ice-free window represents a successful innovation that is unique worldwide.”