A team of astronomers have claimed that they have helped map “monster outflows” of energy which are visible from Earth and are streaming from the centre of the Milky Way at an estimated 1,000 kilometres per second.
Astronomers, who are observing the phenomenon from a telescope in New South Wales (NSW), were qouted by ABC report as saying that the so-called space geysers are being spewed out of newly-formed stars and not from a black hole at the centre of the galaxy, as previously thought.
The outflows were detected by astronomers from NSW and U.S., Italy and The Netherlands. Their findings have been reported in ‘Nature’ publication on Thursday.
“These outflows contain an extraordinary amount of energy — about a million times the energy of an exploding star,” the research team’s leader, CSIRO’s Ettore Carretti, said.
“They are not coming in our direction, but go up and down from the Galactic Plane. We are 30,000 light-years away from the Galactic Centre, in the Plane. They are no danger to us,” he said.
From top to bottom, the outflows extend 50,000 light-years out of the galactic plane, equal to half the diameter of our galaxy. Seen from Earth, the outflows stretch about two-thirds across the sky from horizon to horizon.
Gianni Bernardi, from Harvard-Smithsonian Centre for Astrophysics, said the Parkes observations show that the energy streams are caused by “star-power” and not by a “black hole accretion disc” spinning in the centre of the Milky Way.
“The options were a quasar-like outburst from the black hole at the galactic centre, or star-power - the hot winds from young stars, and exploding stars,” he said.