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Updated: October 26, 2012 00:47 IST

Winner takes all in this legal world

Vidya Subrahmaniam
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Legal world -winner takes it all
Legal world -winner takes it all

What stands proved already is the ability of the powerful to secure express delivery from the system, for themselves

Measured for clout and power, Indian citizens fall broadly into four categories. At the very top, and outranking others by a colossal margin, is the creamiest layer from the political-civil service-corporate class. This elite force can prise open the toughest doors, bend any and all rules, and pull off the choicest bargains.

Systemic bottlenecks that torpedo the ordinary folk slink out of sight when a club member wants a wish fulfilled. Whether it is a fancy vacation, one or more luxury apartments, a share in business contracts, or a political favour in return for the contracts, there is no product that cannot be express delivered in this world: Because business here is by compact and networks forged within each segment and across the segments.

It is not beyond the imagination of the velvet set to get an entire hillside for the asking. In a November 3, 2010 interview to DNA newspaper, Union Agriculture Minister Sharad Pawar offered a fascinating account of how he came to be associated with the controversial Lavasa project in Maharashtra: “It is 100 per cent true that I selected the site for Lavasa,” he said, adding that he spotted the picturesque backwaters of the Varasgaon dam while overflying it on a helicopter. Mr. Pawar, who was then Chief Minister, introduced the site to friend and industrialist Ajit Gulabchand, and with permissions and paperwork a mere, internally-arranged trifle, things went swimmingly for India’s first privately built and managed hill station in which his family held and sold lucrative shares.

The point of this narration is not to insinuate illegalities in the project. Indeed, distinguished names have celebrated the Lavasa vision. Yet through last year, the township was engaged in a pitched battle with the Union Environment Ministry over a range of violations. More serious charges were recently levelled by former IPS officer and activist Y.P. Singh. But leaving aside all this, one thing is indisputably clear: When the powerful decide to conjure up magic out of nothing, the laws will conspire to create that magic.

In second place are the salaried people, some of them with comfortable incomes but nonetheless bound within an accountable system that lops off taxes at source and limits opportunity for financial profligacy. The less fortunate in this lot will scrimp and save to buy a home, accepting the punishing lending conditions of banks, including finding guarantors and paying monstrous equated monthly instalments. If, at the end of this, the dream home vanishes like a dream, there is no recourse because while the buyer is obliged by draconian contracts to pay up on time — or face a penalty — nothing binds the builder to deliver as promised. In the absence of real estate regulation, the buyer inescapably gets caught in a pincer between the nightmare of his iffy property and the high interests he continues to pay on his loan.

Favouring some

Just how skewed the system is can be seen from DLF’s differentiated treatment of its clients — those with lineage like Robert Vadra who can get impossible sums as advances and those whose lot it is to be harassed by delays, non-delivery and price escalation. In August last year, the Competition Commission of India slapped a fine of Rs.630 crore on DLF on complaints from buyers. DLF went in appeal and secured a stay order. DLF home owners were fortunate in that they could mobilise the resources to fight the realty giant, not so the millions of ordinary householders who face ruin because their entire savings are invested with dubious builders.

The third category is formed by the lower rungs of the middle and working class. Aspirationally mobile, these men and women desperately crave a better future, the starting point of which is being able to save minuscule amounts in a bank. Yet opening an account can be an ordeal with banks insisting on address proof and other documentation. A decade ago, I took my domestic help to a nationalised bank assuming my introduction would help her open an account. The bank manager was livid: his bank was not “for ayahs and maid servants.” Today, political correctness has ensured that there are standing instructions from the Reserve Bank on allowing the poor to open zero-balance (now basic) accounts with minimal conditions. But the guidelines have been lost on banks, and the plight of the domestic help who has no permanent address and therefore no proof, remains the same. Her only saviour then is the unsafe chit fund with its fantastic penal clauses. As the Sachar Committee found out, banks have designated red zones, among them Muslim-majority and low income colonies, where they don’t like to provide services.

Any property purchased by this section can only be in unauthorised colonies because buying a proper home means borrowing and elaborate bank documentation. From where does a driver or a cook or a menial worker get a salary certificate? But life in an unauthorised colony has its own threats — of papers being questioned, of demolition, stigmatisation and being refused services. It is a vicious circle where the victim is first forced to commit an illegality and then punished for committing that illegality. This is the mirror opposite of what happens to the club class whose members get interest-free loans for property which they sell back to the lender for a profit.

And finally, the landless labour class that forms the overwhelming majority of India’s working force. Property and bank accounts can seem surrealistic to a people engaged in livelihood struggles. Consider the unbeatable irony of Mr. Vadra hitting the headlines for his property adventures in the same week that tens of thousands of people set out on a march to Delhi to demand their right to land.

Gadkari and Vadra

Arvind Kejriwal was dead right when he alleged collusion between the political big bosses. It is a law of nature that those feeling the same threat will unite. Politicians know that their carefully built empires of wealth are models of each other, and if one crumbles so will the rest. Sushma Swaraj, the sharp-witted leader of the Opposition whose tweets are eagerly watched for the political signals they could convey, tweeted every hour on the day the Vadra news broke — but on all subjects except on the doings of the First son-in-law. That same day, Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP) chief Nitin Gadkari was on TV admitting knowledge of the Vadra papers but arguing that they did not constitute evidence.

It is an interesting piece of news that Ajit Pawar, the Union Agriculture Minister’s nephew, has turned out to be the common factor in two recent exposés — the Maharashtra irrigation scam and Lavasa, both of which happened when the nephew held powerful positions in the State government. So when Mr. Kejriwal charged Mr. Gadkari with wrongdoing in the first, the senior Mr. Pawar rushed to his defence. The BJP chief returned the favour when the Pawars were questioned for facilitating Lavasa.

Since then Mr. Gadkari has landed himself in more serious trouble with allegations that he has set up a maze of dummy and benami companies. But significantly, the sharpest attacks on the BJP chief have come, not from the Congress, but from a BJP faction that wants Mr. Gadkari replaced by Narendra Modi.

It is not a coincidence that the same justification gets offered each time a new web of deceit is uncovered. The Congress’s single defence with respect to Mr. Vadra was that he committed no illegality. Lal Krishna Advani has similarly argued that l'affaire Gadkari is about “standards of business” and not corruption. This is in fact the crux of the problem: that the standards of business are horribly different for one set of people. Whether or not the charges against Mr. Vadra and Mr. Gadkari are ever proved in a court of law, what has already been proved is the ability of the power elite to lubricate the wheels of delivery to the exclusion of all but itself. If unsecured, interest-free loans are legitimate, why do they unerringly reach only those already powerful? If Mr. Vadra is rich enough to “legitimately” own dozens of high-end apartments, why cannot the SPG guard him in one of these locations, rather than in prime government housing presumably paid for by taxpayers?

The pessimism can only deepen when Team Kejriwal too cites “legality” to defend its members against counter-allegations. Whether it is Prashant Bhushan acquiring vast tea estate land via rules relaxed by the Himachal Pradesh government or Anjali Damania admitting to commercial use of farm land, India Against Corruption’s fiercest defence has been that its members acted within the four corners of the law.

Cattle class victims would be entitled to ask: why does the law constrict us while it bends and crawls before you?

vidya.s@thehindu.co.in

More In: Lead | Opinion

In all countries, while it is said , that all citizens enjoy equal legal previleges, the fact of the
matter is that some are more equal than the others! Those are the inner circle people of
every Government that comes to office. They are the oligarchs of the society who would
remain 'untouchable' for most, living the life of luxury. The Goverment with the power in
hand, by making regulatory changes, will accommodate this cluster who would userp the
occassion and utilize the changes to covet more wealth. In return, they would become the
patrons of the parties of every side, providing them with more 'seeding money'. It will
continue as a an on going fruitful arrangement for both. Generally in most cases,the legal
institutions become part of the cosy arrangement as well. I think,it was Bernard Shaw who
once said, " the art of politics is to collect money from the rich and votes from the poor,
promising to protect each from the other" ! The truth is not far off!!

from:  Saratchandran
Posted on: Oct 28, 2012 at 16:17 IST

In law books, crime has been defined as an act which is both forbidden
by law and against the moral sentiments of the society. But here one
thing is important to note that what kind of people are shaping the
morals of society. In a country like India political elements through
governance have greater influence over the other elements/factors
within a society.Any law is always a resultant of socio-political
evolution. So political people should be essentially moral. If they
aren't then winner would always take all in this legal world. But
remember, due to lack of morality this winner should now be treated as
'criminal'....!!!

from:  Piyush Tripathi
Posted on: Oct 28, 2012 at 15:21 IST

you have done an excellent job identifying the malaise that India knows it is suffering from but can't do anything but talk about it
it seems to be a hopeless situation that this is how another few generations of cattle class Indians will come and go till we have - sometime after few generations, another 100 yrs - the now 'Utopian' system of equality for one and all and fairness of law for one and all!
if you are born rich you die rich but if you are born poor and have a value system that you grow with, you die poor.

and somehow I want to see The Hindu evolve in this avatar to actually lead the way in becoming a pole star for reference on clean democratic political conduct for the 2nd, 3rd, 4th levels of Indian cattle class!

from:  shrikant
Posted on: Oct 27, 2012 at 17:27 IST

Ms.Vidya's analysis of the different rungs of the Indian populace is
beautiful albeit the truth is bitter!.

from:  Akshay Bhatt
Posted on: Oct 27, 2012 at 13:32 IST

One morething.When the hapless citizen bangs at the doors of justice,he is more often treated with anything but justice.Remember the words of former chief minister of Kerala,EMS Nampudripad:"When evidence is well-balanced between pot-bellied rich man and ill-clad poor man,the Judge instinctively favors the former".He was punished for contempt of Court.decades ago.Our Basic Law,the Constitution,the covenant between the State and the citizen has been amended more than hundred times in our 65 years of
democratic history. Ours is a higly regimented society,governed more by castes,customs and traditions than by written laws. We are
a "functioning anarchy" in the words of Galbraith,formber ambassador of USA. For us western democratic values are alien. An order must come out of this chaos. That is our Hope,against hopes.
Thanks to Ms.Vidya for her wonderful article.

from:  G.Narayanaswamy
Posted on: Oct 27, 2012 at 12:05 IST

Great article. I read and reread it. Couldn't agree more. Resonates with
the masses.

from:  BJose
Posted on: Oct 27, 2012 at 10:35 IST

Undoubtedly a brilliant commentary on the state of affairs. What we
also need are solutions. Can we have journalists working on that side
of the equation as well, probably devoting considerable attention to
that, since the state of the country is well known to us all.

from:  Bhaskar Bhattacharya
Posted on: Oct 27, 2012 at 08:36 IST

The best class analysis I have seen of contemporary India's condition - society, economy, politics, it has them all!

from:  Kishore Saint
Posted on: Oct 27, 2012 at 07:15 IST

The only solution to get rid of the class difference is 'educating our youngs minds'. Reforms in primary education is the need not for the hour but for the future India..when the elite/middle/cattle classes vanish the system will behave the sameway for ALL.

from:  usha
Posted on: Oct 26, 2012 at 23:54 IST

I want to thank the author for writing a worthy article instead of
drumming keys in either defense or offense of various factions.

from:  Swanand
Posted on: Oct 26, 2012 at 22:08 IST

Congratulations to Vidya Subrahmaniam for this comprehensive and factual essay. This is the best essay among those I have read in months. In India dishonest businessmen have been able to ensnare an unknown proportion of government officers and judiciary with their tentacles of money and exertion of inappropriate pressure.

In the New yorker magazine an Iranian essayist had correctly diagnosed the cause of anger of the common Iranians with the predatory upstart businessmen, who were associated with Reja Shah Pallavi. He mentioned an old Iranian proverb: "after you eat meat bury and hide its bones , if your neighbor is starving. The conspicuous consumption of the Indian rich ought to be discouraged. The derogatory epithets of "mango people" and "cattle class" are manifestations of their arrogance.

Romain Rolland had reminded Mahatma Gandhi in 1930s, that repression and money are two forms of presentation of violence.

from:  Dr. Ajoy Bhattacharjya
Posted on: Oct 26, 2012 at 22:00 IST

It seems, the idea that the rich are empowered, and the poor are
empoverished, has to do with the paramount importance of what we
perceive as wealth, measured not in real terms. It doesn't seem to
matter, perhaps that we use wealth to make certain manufactured goods,
mainly, because we can measure the wealth in terms measured by financial
instruments, the wealth being seemingly very great, in measurement.

from:  Aditya Mookerjee
Posted on: Oct 26, 2012 at 21:46 IST

Very nice article indeed. Amongst all this chaos of corruption the silver lining is only that there are still some people who have have the spine to confront it, and ofcourse this article exemplifies it truly.

from:  NR
Posted on: Oct 26, 2012 at 21:33 IST

Excellent article, well written. Our thanks to the author and, perforce, the Hindu for their intrepid journalism. Can this Banana Republic we call India, that is Bharat, be saved? We must try, mustn't we?

from:  Samir Mody
Posted on: Oct 26, 2012 at 20:26 IST

Contd...
Class 2 – Salaried and self employed – EMIED – Does all the useless and worthless work for the world to own a matchbox sized house, they pay 70 to 80% of their income back to POCOBUME class in the form of housing loan EMIs and taxes to meet their aspirations, slightest miscalculation on their part can push these people to lower classes. No legal immunity, accountability without authority, SOD and COI not allowed. Slight caste, religion, color, language divide.

Class 3 - Middle and working class – NOCLESS – essentially a supporting class to EMIED class, human resource reserve pool used by POCOBUME to improve the numbers in EMIED class. Upgrade to EMIED class done by POCOBUME class using tools like reservations, subsidies which were developed mainly for INDIANS class. No legal immunity, accountability without authority, SOD and COI not allowed. Slight caste, religion, color, language divide.

from:  Praveen Nair
Posted on: Oct 26, 2012 at 19:54 IST

I have tried to name and give some traits to the classes detailed by Vidya.
Class 1 – Politicians, Corporates, Bureaucrats, Media – POCOBUME
Class 2 – Salaried and self employed – EMIED
Class 3 - Middle and working class – NOCLESS
Class 4 - Landless people – INDIANS

Class 1 – Politicians, Corporates, Bureaucrats, Media – POCOBUME – Very closed system, have legal immunity, Authority without accountability, segregation of dutie (SOD) conflict & conflict of interests (COI) allowed. New entrants from other classes is prohibited, if anyone wants to try then at their own peril. If any incumbent does not follow established practices then they are isolated and persecuted with steps like 40 transfers in 20 years of service, leakage of tapped conversations etc. Policy making, land, military, minerals, money, everything is directly or in-directly in the control of POCOBUME class and Deformed Democracy is the tool used to control things. No caste, religion, color, language divide.
Contd..

from:  Praveen Nair
Posted on: Oct 26, 2012 at 19:52 IST

this is a world where people think Rajat Gupta should have been left off
because of the "social service" that he did with a part of the looted
money..So I dont expect better

from:  Dinoop Ravindran Menon
Posted on: Oct 26, 2012 at 18:43 IST

An article that engaged me from start to end. Bitter truth written in
simple language !

from:  Akhil
Posted on: Oct 26, 2012 at 18:43 IST

Very good article..As some one said to people can be honest when they are poor and powerless..To remain so even with power is real honesty..

from:  ramesh
Posted on: Oct 26, 2012 at 16:55 IST

Excellent piece of analysis.... Epitome of how a journal article should be ...

from:  Prakash
Posted on: Oct 26, 2012 at 16:21 IST

Vidya, stole the words from my mouth but kudos to her that she is much
more cogent than I ever was. In my perspective, these evils are never
going to stop until our 'Mango People' mature out of their illusions
of trust (towards leaders, religions, etc) and hope and develop guts
to take the bull by the horn.
Irrespective of who comes to power, the evils are likely to persist
until serious campaign is launched to educate the Masses (not the
Chinese way of "education"), to analyse events and draw their
conclusion rationally devoid of biases and prejudice. At least the
people should secure the 'right to reject' and 'right to withdraw'
rights before election and put into operation.
While, it is illegal to call for election boycott, I'm not sure if it
is illegal for the people to reject the candidates and abstain black-
voters...

from:  Bharat
Posted on: Oct 26, 2012 at 15:54 IST

Very rightly pointed out by author, that why there are differences made
when following rules given by law. Politicians conveniently declare
that everything is done within the law, but they think people will
ignore the simple fact that the law is applied differently for
different classes of people. Be it the death sentence, be it the
charges against corruption. No one can answer this question of
irregularities in treating in people at higher places. This should be
emphasized by team IAC and Indian people should strongly support them.
This is the only way to break the monarchy of corrupt families in
Indian government.

from:  vivek patil
Posted on: Oct 26, 2012 at 15:24 IST

Excellent piece of journalism! A functional democracy should throw up
a government which takes care of if not all at least majority of
people. Here the majority of people get boot in the name of
governance and a tiny group of ruling elite comprising of unscrupulous politicians,selfish industrialists high profile middlemen and
criminals,extortionist media persons and highly corrupt bureaucrats
corner all the fruits of untiring labour of teaming Indians. How long
educated and aspiring younger generation will be willing to tolerate
such an inequitable edifice of governance is a moot question.

from:  Anil Kumar
Posted on: Oct 26, 2012 at 14:54 IST

Laws are enacted to help the poor but implemented to punish the weak and
benefit and protect rich, powerful or crooks. Masses are doomed to live
sub-human life while people in power loot nation and accumulate huge
wealth within and outside India for their generations. Sadly many in
Media support crooks by confusing & mixing issues and inviting & airing
views of vested interest.

from:  Atma Gandhi
Posted on: Oct 26, 2012 at 14:44 IST

Till we, citizens of this country, begin electing people (on the strength of their awareness, commitment and honesty) to Parliament and State Legislatures instead of Party identifications, this sort of unholy alliance between money and power cannot be broken.

from:  v hari
Posted on: Oct 26, 2012 at 14:18 IST

Nice article. But i guess u missed one more cog in this huge corruption machinery. The paid and the euphemistic lobbyist media sections. The Radio tapes were a glaring example. This section is helping the politico-corporate (roys and dutts) nexus thrive by managing the other section. Not only they try to emboss their opinion on us but also work as a fissure which help us release our anger over time and thus preventing an arab spring here while working for the big-wigs. The Hindu appears to be a savior at times.

from:  sushan
Posted on: Oct 26, 2012 at 14:06 IST

Beautifully written. Classification of society in four classes of people was very interesting and thought provoking.The facts about THE RICH AND THE POWERFUL under first category of our society who are above LAW OF THE LAND was not surprising because we may not be aware of more personalities falling under this category.

from:  Ravindra Raizada
Posted on: Oct 26, 2012 at 14:04 IST

The governments (both at the centre and states) are meant for the
affluent, by the affluent. If people in category 3 or 4 manage to get
some benefits it is simply, by accident not by design. In fact it has
been so with all governments- be it so called democracies,kingdoms or
any other system. The size and composition of the elite group
varies;in kingdoms the elite groups are the first, second,.. nth
relatives of the ruler; democracies are better in that groups are
largerand may be from different ideological groups. but all of them
have a common goal.Make as much money as fast as possible!

from:  R.Srinivasan
Posted on: Oct 26, 2012 at 14:01 IST

THOMAS HOBBES (The Leviathan, 1660) argued injustice is breaking a
valid agreement (15.2) & “justice is the constant will of giving to
every man his own ...where there is no own ...there is no injustice;
and where there is no ... [state], there nothing is unjust.” (15.3).
He meant moral rights and obligations logically precede the state, but
without the state able and willing to enforce the covenants they are
meaningless.
JOHN RAWLS (A Theory of Justice, 1971) suggested 2 principles (i)
Equal Liberty: Each person has an equal right to the most extensive
liberties compatible with similar liberties for all; (ii) Difference:
Social and economic inequalities should be (a) to the greatest benefit
of the least advantaged persons, and (b) attached to offices and
positions open to all under conditions of equality of opportunity.
India has a myriad of laws & law enforcement agencies, but justice
eludes the citizens, because the empowered state does not enforce the
laws without fear or favour.

from:  D Mahapatra
Posted on: Oct 26, 2012 at 13:43 IST

Hope politians realize the rat race they are playing a part-in. Just think for a moment the end of politians (or for that sake any person). You might die for any reason in some time and leave all this wealth either in swiss banks or some other safe heavens or to you kith & kin. They will spend/enjoy the money but all the sin would be yours. Then why to make life hell for fellow citizens.

from:  shelendra
Posted on: Oct 26, 2012 at 12:10 IST

Superbly written. If it wasn't for the Hindu, mainstream journalism in India would be quite depressing.

from:  Shourav
Posted on: Oct 26, 2012 at 12:08 IST

The article precisely specifies the current social hierarchy in India and plight of the common man, who is left to struggle daily for survival. As of now, Arvind Kejriwal & IAC team looks the only hope for common people in India, to break away from the current grave situation.
I wish and pray for
a.) Arvind Kejriwal & IAC team to be more luckier (not to fall in all the traps laid by wrongdoers against them) & succeed in their mission.
b.) People to understand who is right and wrong & cast their votes to right candidates (by rising above personal short gains).
c.) Politicians to get good vibes. So that they realize self greed and understand that amassing huge wealth will not help them. They or their kith & kin don't need 10s of thousands of crore to live a happy life. Happy life comes with good relationship in the family and with satisfaction.

from:  shelendra
Posted on: Oct 26, 2012 at 11:53 IST

Maharashtra is an excellent example of how leaders of all parties have jointly formed this elite club of crooks and make sure they keep scratching and tickling each others backs to humor themselves and help each other make the fast buck. Corporate leaders are honorary members of this club and make guest appearances and take classes during times of trouble. Of course they have a different club where these political leaders make guest appearances to claim their share of the loot. One can only feel utmost revulsion for this kind of political farce that is being played out in this country in the name of democracy.

from:  Jignesh
Posted on: Oct 26, 2012 at 11:52 IST

Very good article, people like Arvind Kejriwal should be the PM in next
general election, who don't know politics but have an insight of future.
Ideas for betterment of not his future but our future, future of this
world not just India. I remember what Verghese Kurien once said we can
create engineer's (like him), doctors and manager but not people with
insight (he was referring to Tribhuvandas Kishibhai Patel whose insight
is what Amul is now)

from:  sakeesh
Posted on: Oct 26, 2012 at 11:30 IST

Vidya - Amazing disection of present day India i.e Bharat and with 100% of young MPs being hereditary this situation is definately going to mutate into a 21st century caste system.
But you forgot one faternity in the first group - the politco-corpo-ideologico pimps in order i.e the Media faternity. They are reaping huge benifits by managing the 2nd and 3rd groups for the remaining occupants of the 1st group.
One suggestion to improve this article - pls. do a caste, communal and linguistic analysis of each of this group. I am sure it will be a eye opener and will expose many bogeys which are prevelant now a days.

from:  Praveen Nair
Posted on: Oct 26, 2012 at 11:14 IST

You have re-ignited the age old debate that rule of law will always
remain an ideal and in practice, law will always remain fragile and
biased, and a tool in the hands of the powerful. One way of diluting the
four categories that you have mentioned is an honest implementation of
the panchayati raj system. Let power be decentralized to the maximum
extent possible such that no one is powerful enough to make the law bend
and crawl.

from:  Raghu
Posted on: Oct 26, 2012 at 10:52 IST

Excellent article. The author displays guts in naming and questioning
the dubious deals of the holy cows!

from:  Ryan
Posted on: Oct 26, 2012 at 10:05 IST

Excellent story that separates the economic class in India and also
exposes how the Public/tax payers money is converted to private money
by bending laws and making laws crawl for the support of powerful.
Hindu team must also support the similar stories of overseas employees
send by Indian companies with no contract papers and no insurance and
no medical security and even the basic privilege of free food
sovereignty as declared by government of India as mandatory to all
overseas employees is not enforced by Indian High commission in Indian
companies where powerful investors buy and bend the laws.

from:  Rakesh Manchanda
Posted on: Oct 26, 2012 at 09:32 IST

The article does not bring any new facts on the ruling class. The corruption is institutionlised - every child knows this. The major parties support each other when it comes amassment of wealth. The party leaders hide under 'standards of business' and 'no illegality' sermons. Digvijay Singh's 'ethics' of not dragging family members of the ruling/opposition class is very much evident. So what's new in the article.
We, the citizens of India have given up our rights by accepting small bribes during elections and exchanged our fundamental rights for few peices of silver. Being corrupt, we elected corrupt and thus ruled by corrupt.

from:  mani sandilya
Posted on: Oct 26, 2012 at 09:31 IST

I want to be the first one to congratulate you on an expose of the odds
are stacked against the underprivileged by the very legal system which
is supposed to guarantee equality before law under the constitution to
all citizens. Even SC let alone the lower court seems to hear urgently
the stay order petitions of the rich and PILs of the famous like
Prasanth Bhushan. Do you think ever these things can be changed?. The
educated middle class who can wring such a change are themselves
aspiring to join the elites.

from:  R.Sundaram
Posted on: Oct 26, 2012 at 08:57 IST

Ther is another type of coilation working behind the curtains:politicAl business coalition ..and is working more effectively then present government ..
Various issue strength this coalition
1.election expenditure
2.lucrative asset
3.weak accountability
4.metropolitian press
All these adhesive..give them confidence..
Concept of Rti and open governance is goin ahead in loosing this adhesive..but roots are
very deep.
.because of these 1% 99 are getting affected and that too adversely.
There should be public trail in the state where they prove their strength in election..one
should answere all claim against the misuse of corruption in open press..nothing when why
and how 3 simple question should become heart of discussion....

from:  Sunil sharma
Posted on: Oct 26, 2012 at 08:42 IST

Excellent article; frightening to think that it is all true!

from:  Mathew Zacharias
Posted on: Oct 26, 2012 at 07:19 IST

This is one of the very good article I read in recent times. I agree with the author that we have four class of citizens here but is applicable to any country for that matter. The only difference between ours and developed economy is people actually get punished when there is a wrongdoing be it rich/poor (The punishment may be double standard as well but there will be a punishment) whereas the corruption has its roots spread out so widely here that it takes the entire system out of politics. The main motto of the people who are now joining the politics is to make (mint) money as long as they are in power. This might take a generation to cure the system but someone has to start the change. The change may not be radical & immediate as every "aam admi" expects but will surely be good starting point. It has to be thought through before implementing to eradicate the corruption from our system (minds). I dream that day will come within my lifetime for saving my mother country.

from:  jrjegon
Posted on: Oct 26, 2012 at 06:34 IST

Simply superb! Outstanding commentary with inbred witticism on the plight of India today. Great ending to a masterpiece article by pointing out the hypocrisy of India against corruption and other such hoodwinking organizations.

from:  Naveen
Posted on: Oct 26, 2012 at 06:29 IST

Good article but media many a times follow what the case says and rarely probe the issue in true spirit. Let me give the issue of Jagan and Dr. YSR. The cases and charge sheets pertain to land allocations by N. Chandrababu Naiudu [CBN] as Chief Minister. Also, most of the people involved are benefited from him. When the government changed in 2004, most of these groups tried to be close to new Chief Minister, Dr. YSR and as a token of their closeness most of them invested in Jagan's companies that were established prior to Dr. YSR became CM. CBN was not touched for land alocations including Shamshabad Airport and Outer Ring Road wherein it violated GO111 and Supreme Court order of December 2000 -- it is case similar to now Karnataka special Lokayukta probing. On this approached CBI in 2006 but they were reluctant to take up the issue. Main culprit was left free and CBI is after Jagan with Quid Pro Quo, unproved.

from:  Dr. S. Jeevananda Reddy
Posted on: Oct 26, 2012 at 05:42 IST

Thomas Hobbes, The Leviathan, 1660:
#1. There is no such thing as justice or injustice in the state of
nature. (13.13)
#2. Injustice, by definition, is breaking a valid covenant. (15.2)
#3. “justice is the constant will of giving to every man his own. And
therefore where there is no own, that is, no propriety, there is no
injustice; and where there is no commonwealth [state], there nothing
is unjust.” (15.3)
#4. Propriety consists of life, limbs, conjugal affection, riches and
means of living. (30.12)

In sum: There’s no such thing as moral rights and obligations, they
are simply a result of the state’s power in enforcing covenants. Moral
rights and obligations logically precede the state, but without a
legitimate state able and willing to enforce the covenants they are
meaningless.

India has a myriad of laws and law enforcement agencies, but justice
eludes the citizens because the empowered state does not enforce the
laws. Hence, India is a ‘Banana Republic’.

from:  D Mahapatra
Posted on: Oct 26, 2012 at 05:26 IST

Though India is the largest democracy, it has not evolved to a level of
an advanced Republic like USA or France.May be its due to the fact their
democracies are much older than us. Still Indian lawmakers could take a
leaf from their Motto: Liberty, Equality , Fraternity and Pursuit of
Happiness.

from:  Aditya
Posted on: Oct 26, 2012 at 04:56 IST

Bulls eye.Proper way would be for all cases affecting public interest, all docs should be in public domain.

from:  avraju
Posted on: Oct 26, 2012 at 03:48 IST

Good article. Seems like came out of my mind.

from:  Santosh
Posted on: Oct 26, 2012 at 02:17 IST
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